This interesting and unusual name has an intriguing history in England, it is found occasionally recorded as a surname from the 13th Century onwards, but there is no evidence of it as a vocabulary word until the 16th Century. In the modern idiom the surname has many variant spellings including Burger, Burgher, Burker and Borger are German and Dutch/Flemish in origin, the derivation of the English name is from the Middle English word 'burg', meaning a (fortified) town, and that of the German from the medeival German 'burc'. In all cases the name is a status surname for a freeman of a town, particularly one who was a member of the town's governing council, though it later came to mean, in more general terms, 'inhabitant of a borough', 'citizen'. John, son of Elizabeth Burger, was christened at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London, in 1753. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry le Burger, which was dated 1275, in the London Hundred Rolls, during the reign of King Edward 1, known as the Hammer of the Scots, 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Burgher — may refer to:* A formally defined class in medieval German cities, usually the only group from which city officials could be drawn. The equivalent in German of burgess or bourgeoisie. * More loosely, a member of the urban middle class, or * A… …   Wikipedia

  • burgher — 1560s, freeman of a burgh, from M.Du. burgher, from M.H.G. burger, from O.H.G. burgari inhabitant of a fortress, from burg fortress, citadel (see BOROUGH (Cf. borough)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Burgher — Burgh er, n. [From burgh; akin to D. burger, G. b[ u]rger, Dan. borger, Sw. borgare. See {Burgh}.] 1. A freeman of a burgh or borough, entitled to enjoy the privileges of the place; any inhabitant of a borough. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl. Hist.) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burgher — index denizen Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • burgher — ● burgher nom masculin (mot du dialecte boer holland.) Nom donné, dans les dernières années du XIXe s., aux citoyens de la République sud africaine du Transvaal et de l État libre d Orange …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • burgher — ► NOUN archaic ▪ a citizen of a town or city …   English terms dictionary

  • burgher — [bʉr′gər] n. [ME < burgh,BOROUGH; in ModE assimilated < Ger bürger or Du burger] an inhabitant of a borough or town: now used chiefly to suggest a conservative middle class citizen …   English World dictionary

  • Burgher — Prozentzahlen der Burgher pro Distrikt laut Census von 2001 bzw. 1981 [1] Die Burgher sind eine euroasiatische ethnische Gruppe in Sri Lanka, die aus Mischehen von europäischen Siedlern der Kolonialzeit (vor allem Portugiesen, Holländer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • burgher — UK [ˈbɜː(r)ɡə(r)] / US [ˈbɜrɡər] noun [countable] Word forms burgher : singular burgher plural burghers old fashioned someone who lives in a town or city, especially someone who is rich and well respected …   English dictionary

  • burgher — [ bə:gə] noun 1》 archaic a citizen of a town or city. 2》 historical (in southern Africa) a citizen of a Boer Republic. 3》 (Burgher) a descendant of a Dutch or Portuguese colonist in Sri Lanka. Origin ME: from burgh, reinforced by Du. burger, from …   English new terms dictionary

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