Burchfield

Burchfield
Recorded in several forms including Birchfield, Birdfield, Burchfield, Burkesfield and Burtfield, this is an English surname. It is locational from one of the villages called Birchfield in the counties of Derbyshire or Warwickshire, or possibly from a now 'lost' medieval village believed to have been in the county of Sussex. The enforced clearing and dispersal of the former inhabitants to make way for sheep pastures at the height of the wool trade in the 14th Century, along with natural causes such as the Black Death of 1348, led to the lost village phenomenon, which in itself lead to the creation of about three thousand such names. The component elements of the place name are believed to be the Old English pre 7th century word "birrce" meaning birch and "-feld". Here the original meaning was not an enclosed field, but open country cleared for grazing, although in this case it was probably an open area surrounded by birch trees. It is unclear as to when the name was first recorded. It is found in the early surviving church registers of the city of London in 1630 when Mathew Burchfield was a witness at St Dunstans in the East, Stepney, whilst in Sussex we have the earlier recording of Abraham Birdfield on February 10th 1610, and that of Jone Burtfield who married a William Batcheler at Wisborough, on June 1st 1692. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Burchfield, R W — ▪ 2005       New Zealand born British scholar and lexicographer (b. Jan. 27, 1923, Wanganui, N.Z. d. July 5, 2004, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, Eng.), ushered into print the four volume Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary (1972–86); he was… …   Universalium

  • Burchfield, Charles — ▪ American painter in full  Charles Ephraim Burchfield  born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S. died January 10, 1967, Gardenville, New York       American painter known initially for his realistic watercolours (watercolour) of the… …   Universalium

  • Burchfield-Penney Art Center — The Burchfield Penney Art Center is located on the campus of Buffalo State College and was founded in 1966. It contains over 100 works by Charles Burchfield and a sizeable collection of woodcut prints from Buffalo native J. J. Lankes, among other …   Wikipedia

  • Burchfield, Charles Ephraim — (1893 1967)    Born in Ohio, Charles Burchfield trained at the Cleveland School of Art, and after graduating in 1916, he briefly attended the New York Academy of Design. He served in the army from 1918 to 1919 and then returned to Salem, Ohio. In …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Burchfield — biographical name Charles Ephraim 1893 1967 American painter …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Burchfield — /berrch feeld /, n. Charles Ephraim, 1893 1967, U.S. painter. * * * …   Universalium

  • Burchfield — /berrch feeld /, n. Charles Ephraim, 1893 1967, U.S. painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Burchfield,Charles Ephraim — Burch·field (bûrchʹfēld ), Charles Ephraim. 1893 1967. American painter whose works, usually in watercolor, include landscapes and somber urban scenes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Burchfield, Charles (Ephraim) — born April 9, 1893, Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 10, 1967, Gardenville, N.Y. U.S. painter. He attended the Cleveland School of Art and, after service in World War I, worked as a wallpaper designer in Buffalo, N.Y. In the 1920s and 30s… …   Universalium

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