This unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name "Burgheard", composed of the elements "burh, burg", fort, similar to the Old High German "burg" (from the Old French element), the common Germanic word for a fortification, and the Olde English "heard", hardy, brave, strong. The name was reintroduced into Middle English by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066 in the forms "Bou(r)chart, Bocard"; this resulted in many variants of the surname, including Burkart, Borkett, Burchett, Burkett, Burchatt, Burchard, and Butchard. The form "Burkhard" was a very popular medieval German name. The surname was first recorded in 1207 (see below), and early examples include: Thomas Burchart (circa 1248, Suffolk); Walter Buchard (1255, Wiltshire); and Richard Burkett (1524, Suffolk). One John Burkitt, aged 21 yrs., was an early emigrant to the American Colonies, having sailed aboard the "Falcon" in December 1635 bound for the Barbadoes. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is three gold mullets on a red shield, the Crest being a dexter arm embowed, brandishing a club proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Bocard, which was dated 1207, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Burkitt — (tumeur de) MED Cancer des vaisseaux lymphatiques de la face, découvert en 1947 par le médecin anglais Burkitt en Afrique équatoriale où la maladie est endémique. C est le seul cancer humain dont un agent infectieux, un virus du groupe herpès,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Burkitt — Denis Parsons Burkitt (* 28. Februar 1911 in Enniskillen in der Grafschaft Fermanagh in Nordirland; † 23. März 1993 in Gloucester, England) war ein britischer (nordirischer) Chirurg und Tropenmediziner. Bekannt geworden ist Burkitt vor allem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burkitt-Tumor —   [ bəːkɪt ], Burkitt Lymphom, von dem britischen Tropenarzt Denis Parsons Burkitt (* 1911, ✝ 1993) bei Kindern in Uganda 1958 beschriebenes bösartiges Lymphom, das meist im Gesichtsbereich auftritt. Der Burkitt Tumor kommt im tropischen Afrika,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BURKITT Dennis — Cirujano inglés (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/b/bu.htm#burkitt]: descubridor en 1958 del linfoma que lleva su nombre y que se origina en niños por el virus de Epstein Barr CIE 10 [véase http://www.iqb.es/patologia/burkitt.htm]… …   Diccionario médico

  • Burkitt's tumor — also Burkitt tumor n BURKITT S LYMPHOMA …   Medical dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Burkitt s tumour a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, most commonly affecting children and largely confined to tropical Africa in a zone 15° north and south of the equator. It is the most rapidly growing malignancy, with a tumour doubling… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Burkitt, linfoma de — oncol. Linfoma muy indiferenciado de células B que tiende a afectar los ganglios linfáticos y el sistema reticuloendotelial. Es habitual en ciertas zonas de África Central, donde afecta principalmente a los niños. Se debe a una infección por el… …   Diccionario médico

  • Burkitt-Tumor — [bö̱rkit...; nach dem irischen Arzt Denis Burkitt, geb. 1911]: Lymphosarkom des Kindesalters, hauptsächlich in den tropischen Gebieten Afrikas …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — [bʉr′kits] n. [after D. P. Burkitt (1911 93), Brit surgeon in Uganda who first described it (1958)] a cancer characterized by tumors containing lymphoid cells, occurring esp. in children, in the jaw, eyes, and internal organs: it is associated… …   English World dictionary

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