Barbary

Barbary
The four basic surnames Barbary, Barbe, Barber, and Barbera, all of whom have quite different origins, have between them produced over one hundred cognate, intermixed and overlapping forms. Barbary is of French - Provencal origins, and celebrates St Barbara from the Latin word 'barbarus' meaning stranger. She was apparently executed by her own father for her Christian beliefs. Barbe is also French and a nickname apparently for a person with a beard, although confusingly it can also be a short form of Babara! The surname Barber or Barbier is also French, occupational for a barber or surgeon and a derivation of 'barbe,' a beard, whilst Barbera is also recorded as Barbara, but is locational from a town called Barbera, in Spain. From these we have a myriad of spellings which include such forms as Barabisch, Barabich, Barbisch (German), Barbara, Barbarey (English), Barbarin, Barbaroux (Provencal), Barbara, Varvara, Varveri, Barbarelli, Barbarino, Barabarotto (Italian), Barbara, Barberan, Barbosa (Spanish) and Varvarin and Varvarinsky (Russian). One of the ,many curiosities of this name is that as a personal name it is always female and yet it derives ultimately from the Ancient Greek word 'barbaros', which has the meaning of stranger or foreigner, but was generally applied to a barbarian, which was anybody who was not Greek! Early recordings include Cunrad Barrabish of Rheinfelden, Germany, in 1306, in England Henrie Barbery was a witness at St James Clerkenwell, in the city of London, in 1606, whilst in Spain we have Pera Barbosa and his wife Marianna, who were baptissmal witnesses at Olot, Gerona, on March 5th 1667

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Barbary — Bar ba*ry, n. [Fr. Ar. Barbar the people of Barbary.] The countries on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to the Atlantic. Hence: A Barbary horse; a barb. [Obs.] Also, a kind of pigeon. [1913 Webster] {Barbary ape} (Zo[ o]l.), an ape ({Macacus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barbary — Le nom a toujours été fréquent en Dordogne, on le rencontre aussi dans le Nord et en Belgique (variantes : Barbry, Barbery). C est le plus souvent une variante de Barbarin (86, 17), lui même diminutif de Barbare (80, 59). Ce dernier nom… …   Noms de famille

  • Barbary — c.1300, foreign lands (especially non Christian lands), from L. barbaria (see BARBARIAN (Cf. barbarian)). Meaning Saracens living in coastal North Africa is attested from 1590s, via Fr. (O.Fr. barbarie), from Arabic Barbar, Berber, ancient Arabic …   Etymology dictionary

  • Barbary — /bahr beuh ree/, n. a region in N Africa, extending from W of Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean and including the former Barbary States. * * * ▪ historical region, Africa also called  Barbary States        former designation for the coastal region of… …   Universalium

  • Barbary — Bar•ba•ry [[t]ˈbɑr bə ri[/t]] n. geg a region in N Africa, extending from W of Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean and including the former Barbary States …   From formal English to slang

  • Barbary — /ˈbabəri/ (say bahbuhree) noun a region in northern Africa, extending from west of Egypt to the Atlantic, and including the former Barbary States …  

  • Barbary — noun a region of northern Africa on the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Gibraltar; was used as a base for pirates from the 16th to 19th centuries • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Barbary lion — A Barbary lion from Algeria, photographed by Sir Alfred Edward Pease around 1893 Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Barbary sheep — Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Barbary Coast, San Francisco, California — Barbary Coast was a pleasure quarter in old San Francisco, California. The neighborhood quickly took on its seedy character during the California Gold Rush (1848 1858). It was known for gambling, prostitution and crime. It is now overlapped by… …   Wikipedia

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