Recorded as Tobey, Toby, Toobey, Tooby and possible others, this is an English surname. It is derived from the male personal name Tobias, the Greek form of the Hebrew name Torya, meaning "The Lord is Good". Tobias and its derivatives were introduced into Europe by returning knights and pilgrims from the famous Crusades to the Holy Land in the 12th century. They became popular as both personal and surnames in the Middle Ages, and there was something of a revival in the 18th Century owing to the famous Punch and Judy shows, where the dog is called Toby and accompanied Tobias on his travels. Langland's medieval book "Piers Plowman" written in the year 1362 contains the line, "And kan telle of Tobye, and of twelve Apostles". Early recordings include Thomas Tooby of Somerset in 1327, whilst the first recording may be that of Simon Toby. This was dated 1271, in the Court Rolls of the Abbey of Ramsey, Cambridgeshire, during the reign of King Henry IIIrd, 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Toby — is a popular male name in many English speaking countries. It is also a popular name for Jewish women because of its similarity to the Hebrew name Tova. It is also a popular name for Yoruba women, however spelt Tobi.The name is often used in its… …   Wikipedia

  • Toby — ist vor allem im englischen Sprachraum ein überwiegend männlicher Vorname.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toby — familiar form of masc. proper name TOBIAS (Cf. Tobias), in various colloquial usages, e.g. jug (1840), drinking mug in the form of a stout old man; as a type of collar (1882) it refers to that worn by the dog Toby in the 19c. Punch and Judy shows …   Etymology dictionary

  • Toby — [tō′bē] n. pl. Tobies [< Toby, dim. of TOBIAS] a jug or mug for ale or beer, shaped like a stout man with a three cornered hat: also Toby jug …   English World dictionary

  • Toby — To by, n.; pl. { bies}. [Perh. from the proper name.] A small jug, pitcher, or mug, generally used for ale, shaped somewhat like a stout man, with a cocked hat forming the brim. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toby — m English: vernacular form of TOBIAS (SEE Tobias) …   First names dictionary

  • toby — ● toby nom masculin Poisson des récifs coralliens, à corps triangulaire aplati latéralement, vivement coloré et prolongé par d amples nageoires, recherché par les aquariophiles. (Genre Zanclus ; famille des acanthuridés.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toby Ng — Tobias „Toby“ Ng (* 11. März 1991) ist ein kanadischer Badmintonnationalspieler. Karriere Toby Ng gewann 2008 die Panamerikameisterschaft. 2009 und 2011 wurde er kanadischer Meister. 2010 siegte er bei den Santo Domingo Open, Peru International… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • toby — /toh bee/, n., pl. tobies. 1. Also, Toby, Toby jug. a mug in the form of a stout old man wearing a three cornered hat. 2. Older Slang. a long, slender, cheap cigar. [1830 40; generic use of proper name, short for Tobias] * * * …   Universalium

  • toby — noun a drinking mug in the shape of a stout man wearing a three cornered hat • Syn: ↑toby jug, ↑toby fillpot jug • Hypernyms: ↑mug …   Useful english dictionary

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