This English locational surname is recorded in a number of different spellings including Tewkesbury, Tukesbury, Tewkesberry, Tewkesberrie, and Tukesby. It originates from the small town of Tewkesbury in Worcestershire. The placename, and hence the later surname translates as "Teodecs castle, the name being first recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 as "Teodechesberie". Ekwalls "Book of English Place-names" suggests that "Teodec" was a nickname or pet name, possibly of the Olde English and Welsh "Caradoc", clearly he was a man of some importance. Locational surnames were by their nature given either to the lord of the manor and his later descendants as may be the case here, or to former villagers who moved elsewhere. "Elsewhere" may have been the next town, but this does not alter the fact that the easiest way to identify a "stranger" was to call him or her by the name of the place from whence they came. This method of random selection also gave rise to the many different spelling forms. Early examples of the surname include James Tewkesbury, christened at St Ann's Soho, Westminster, on October 2nd 1650, and Richard Turkesbury, a witness at Allhallows church, London Wall, on June 1st 1679. The first known recording is believed to be that of Mabel de Teukesbury, in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Gloucestershire, in the year 1273. This was during the reign of King Edward 1st 1272 - 1307.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Tewkesbury —   [ tjuːksbərɪ], Stadt in der County Gloucestershire, Südwestengland, an der Mündung des Avon in den Severn, 9 400 Einwohner.   Stadtbild:   Die Kirche Saint Mary (1121 geweiht) ist eine romanische Querhausbasilika mit normannischem Turm; im Chor …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. Tjuhksberi), Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Gloucester, am Avon u. Saverne u. an der Eisenbahn von Birmingham nach Gloucester; Abtei mit Grabmälern verschiedener Plantagenets, Brücke mit einem Bogen von 179 F. Spannung, Fabrikation von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. tjūksbĕrĭ), Stadt (municipal borough) in Gloucestershire (England), am Zusammenfluß des Avon und des Severn, hat eine schöne normannische Abteikirche (1874–79 restauriert, Grabstätte des 1477 ermordeten Herzogs von Clarence und seiner… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — (spr. tjúhksbörrĭ), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Gloucester, am Zusammenfluß des Severn und Upper Avon, (1901) 5419 E., normann. Kirche …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tewkesbury — [to͞oks′ber΄ē, tyo͞oks′ber΄ē; to͞oks′bə rē, tyo͞oks′bə rē] town in N Gloucestershire, England, on the Severn: site of a battle (1471) in the Wars of the Roses, reestablishing Edward IV on the English throne: pop. (1981 census) 9,600 …   English World dictionary

  • Tewkesbury — infobox UK place country = England official name= Tewkesbury latitude= 51.98634 longitude= 2.16159 population= 10,016 (2001 Census) shire district= Tewkesbury shire county= Gloucestershire region= South West England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury — 51.9925 2.1575 Koordinaten: 52° 0′ N, 2° 9′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Stoneham et Tewkesbury. Le Tewkesbury War Memorial, localement connu sous le nom de « the Cross » …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tewkesbury — /toohks ber ee, beuh ree, bree, tyoohks /, n. a town in N Gloucestershire, in W England: final defeat of the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses 1471. 79,500. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Tewkesbury borough,… …   Universalium

  • Tewkesbury — Original name in latin Tewkesbury Name in other language T juksberi, Tewkesbury, Theoci Curia, Tjuksburi, Тьюксбери, Тюксбъри State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.99453 latitude 2.15681 altitude 18 Population 10200 Date 2011 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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