The Old English word 'stoc' meaning 'a place', has given birth to many surnames. These include Stock, Stoke, Stoak, and Stook, although in fact their plural forms are the usual spelling. Quite why the plurality developed is generally accepted as being dialectal, it being easier in pronunciation to add the final 's'. The confusion is further heightened by the fact that the earliest plural spellings often pre-date the base form, although again this is probably owing to a lack of recordings. In this case we have one of the earliest of all surnames, and these examples include Cnut de Stoch in the 1166 Derbyshire Pipe Rolls, William atte Stokkes in the 1310 Hertfordshire Rolls, and Rose atte Stock of Essex in 1315. As a place name 'Stoke' is found widely in Devon, Somerset, Derbyshire, etc. One of the earliest recorded Barons was William Stoc, who appears in the Knight Templar (Crusader) Rolls for Warwickshire in 1185. The later post medieval developed spellings include Thomas Stookes who married Alse Feild at St Brides Church, Fleet Street, London, on May 17th 1590, and William Stooke, the father of Deborah Stooke, a witness at her christening of March 4th 1653. This latter event is particularly interesting as it occurred during the period of 'The Commonwealth' after the execution of Charles 1st in 1649. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ricerus de Stokas, which was dated 1084, The Geld Roll (Domesday Book) for Somerset in 1084, during the reign of King William 1, known as 'The Conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Stook — Stook, n. [Scot. stook, stouk; cf. LG. stuke a heap, bundle, G. stauche a truss, bundle of flax.] (Agric.) A small collection of sheaves set up in the field; a shock; in England, twelve sheaves. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stook — stook·ie; stook; stook·er; …   English syllables

  • Stook — Stook, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stooked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Stooking}.] (Agric.) To set up, as sheaves of grain, in stooks. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stook — [sto͞ok] n., vt., vi. [ME stouke, prob. < or akin to MLowG stūke, a shock, stump < IE * (s)teug < base * (s)teu , to strike > STOCK] Brit. term for SHOCK2 …   English World dictionary

  • Stook — A stook, also referred to as a shock is a circular or rounded arrangement of swathes of cut grain stalks placed on the ground in a field. Typically sheaves of grains such as wheat, barley and oats may be stooked so they are ready for threshing.… …   Wikipedia

  • stook — noun Etymology: Middle English stouk; akin to Old English stocc stock more at stock Date: 15th century chiefly British shock I • stook transitive verb, chiefly British …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • stook — stooker, n. /stook, stoohk/, Chiefly Brit. and Canadian. n. 1. shock2 (def. 1). v.t. 2. shock2 (def. 2). v.i. 3. to stack sheaves of grain; form a pile of straw. [1400 50; late ME stouk, OE stuc heap; c. MLG stuke, G Stauche; akin to STOCK] * * * …   Universalium

  • stook — /stuk/ (say stoohk), /stʊk/ (say stook) noun 1. a group of sheaves of grain placed on end supporting one another in the field. –verb (t) 2. to make into stooks. {Middle English stouk; related to Middle Low German stūke} …  

  • stook — 1. noun /stʊk/ a pile or bundle, especially of straw ,1958: The wheat, tawny with ripeness, had been cut and stood in tented stooks about the fields, while a few ghostly poppies lingered at the edge of the path. Iris Murdoch, The Bell 2. verb… …   Wiktionary

  • stook — [stʊk, stu:k] Brit. noun a group of sheaves of grain stood on end in a field. verb arrange in stooks. Origin ME: from or related to Mid. Low Ger. stūke …   English new terms dictionary

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