Backwell

Backwell
This most interesting and unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from Backwell, near Bristol in Somerset, which was recorded as "Bacoile" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as "Bacwell" in the Curia Rolls of Somerset in 1202. The placename itself means "stream coming from a ridge", from the Olde English "baec", back, and the Olde English "waell(a), well(a)", a spring, stream. Early examples of the name include the christening of Alyce Backwell at St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London, on October 5th 1578, and the marriage of Mary Backwell and Robert Trote in July 1597, at Axbridge, Somerset. Edward Backwell (died 1683), originator of the modern system of banknotes, was a frequent intermediary in money transactions between Charles 11 and Louis X1V. He was due a large sum of money from the exchequer as a result, and took refuge temporarily in Holland, later becoming an M.P. A Coat of Arms, depicting a black chevron and three gold covered cups on a silver shield, was granted to a Backwell family in London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Baggwell, which was dated April 28th 1575, marriage to Alice Bouringe, at Wiveliscombe, in Somerset, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Backwell — Backwell, so v.w. Bakwell …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Backwell — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 51.4131 longitude= 2.7398 official name= Backwell civil parish= population = 5,455 unitary england= North Somerset lieutenancy england=Somerset region= South West England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Backwell United F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Backwell United fullname = Backwell United Football Club nickname = The Stags founded = 1911 ground = Backwell Recreation Ground, West Town Road, Backwell capacity = tbc chairman = tbc manager = tbc league =… …   Wikipedia

  • Backwell School — Infobox UK school name = Backwell School latitude = 51.4161 longitude = 2.7392 dms = yes motto = phone = 01275 463371 fax = 01275 463077 established = 1954 type = State school head = Julian Baldwin street = Station Road city = Backwell county =… …   Wikipedia

  • Backwell Hall —    See Blackwell Hall …   Dictionary of London

  • Nailsea and Backwell railway station — Nailsea and Backwell Looking westwards from the footbridge …   Wikipedia

  • Brett Backwell — Infobox afl player firstname = Brett lastname = Backwell | birthdate = Birth date and age|1980|5|18|df=y birthplace = originalteam = Northern Eagles, QAFL heightweight = 176cm / 74kg deathdate = deathplace = debutdate = Round 1, 25 March 1999… …   Wikipedia

  • Church of St Andrew, Backwell — Denomination Church of England Website www.standrewsbackwell.org …   Wikipedia

  • Lisa Backwell — Données clés Naissance 28 octobre 1990 Nationalité Anglaise Profession Actrice Films notables Pandora Moon dans Skins …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Backwell — (c.1618 – 1683) was an English goldsmith, financier, and politician.The son of Barnaby Backwell, of Leighton Buzzard, he became a resident of London, and was apprenticed to Thomas Vyner as a goldsmith in 1635. Like other goldsmiths of the era, he …   Wikipedia

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