This interesting surname has two distinct possible sources. Firstly, the surname may be of early medieval English origin, and is a diminutive of the female given name "Rose, Royse", popularly associated with the flower, but in fact originally from a Germanic personal name. This is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 in the form "Rothais", composed of the elements "hrod", renown, and "haid(is)", kind, sort. Rosekin (without surname) is noted in the 1220 Feet of Fines of Essex. Secondly, the surname may be of Scottish origin, and is an occupational name for a tanner, deriving from the Gaelic "rusg(aire)an", a diminutive form of "rusgaire", peeler (of bark). There was a family called Maccalmans at Barraglas in Glenlonain, Scotland, who had a tanning business on the bank of the river Neannt. From stripping bark from the trees for the tanning business they were known throughout the district as "na Rusgain, na Rusgairean", the peelers, the bark peelers, and as "Clann Rusgain", the bark peeling family. They thus lost their clan name in their occupation name. In the modern idiom the surname can be found as Ruskin, Ruskyn, Rusken and Roskin. On January 18th 1578, John, son of Richard Ruskyn, was christened at St. Botolph without Aldgate, London, and Frisand Ruskin married Thomas Mand at St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, also in London, on November 4th 1634. A Coat of Arms granted to the family depicts a silver chevron between six silver spear-heads on a black shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Rosekyn, which was dated 1389, in the "Feet of Fines of Cambridgeshire", during the reign of King Richard 11, known as "Richard of Bordeaux", 1377 - 1399. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RUSKIN (J.) — Écrivain, critique d’art et réformateur social, Ruskin eut une influence considérable sur le goût de l’Angleterre victorienne et s’opposa aux doctrines économiques de l’école de Manchester. Dans ses ouvrages sur l’économie, la violence et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ruskin — Ruskin, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 195 Housing Units (2000): 86 Land area (2000): 0.417905 sq. miles (1.082370 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.417905 sq. miles (1.082370 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ruskin, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 8321 Housing Units (2000): 3603 Land area (2000): 14.238071 sq. miles (36.876434 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.184166 sq. miles (3.066976 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.422237 sq. miles (39 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ruskin, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 195 Housing Units (2000): 86 Land area (2000): 0.417905 sq. miles (1.082370 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.417905 sq. miles (1.082370 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ruskin —   [ rʌskɪn], John, britischer Schriftsteller, Maler und Sozialphilosoph, * London 8. 2. 1819, ✝ Brantwood (County Lancashire) 20. 1. 1900; sein Interesse galt zunächst der Landschafts und topographischen Malerei. Daraus erwuchs seine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ruskin — (spr. ráßkin), John, hervorragender engl. Schriftsteller und Kunstkritiker, geb. 8. Febr. 1819 in London, gest. 20. Jan. 1900 in Coniston (Lancaster), wurde hauptsächlich im Elternhaus durch die Mutter herangebildet und besuchte später die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ruskin — (spr. röß ), John, engl. Kunstkritiker und Sozialreformer, geb. 8. Febr. 1819 zu London, 1870 84 Prof. der schönen Künste zu Oxford, seit 1887 geisteskrank, gest. 20. Jan. 1900; schrieb: »Modern painters« (5 Bde., 1843 60), »Stones of Venice« (3… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ruskin — Ruskin, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ruskin — (John) (1819 1900) écrivain, critique d art, sociologue et aquarelliste anglais. Son esthétique exerça une influence considérable (les Pierres de Venise, 1851 1853; Sésame et les lys, 1865; la Bible d Amiens, 1880 1885) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ruskin — Ruskin, John (1819 1900) a British art ↑critic and social critic, who wrote many ↑essays including Modern Painters …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ruskin — (izg. rȁskin), John (1819 1900) DEFINICIJA engleski književnik, povjesničar i teoretičar umjetnosti (Sedam luči arhitekture, Kamenje Venecije, Moderni slikari); kritičar društvenih prilika s etičkog stanovišta, vizionar pravednijeg društva u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”