This unusual surname has three distinct possible sources, each with its own history and derivation. Firstly, Renner may be of Anglo-Saxon origin, and an occupational name for a messenger or courier, normally a mounted and armed military servant. The derivation is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "renn(an)", Middle High German "rennen", to run, with the addition of the agent suffix "-er". In its original sense "a man who has to do with", the "-er" designates persons according to their profession or occupation. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The second possibility is that Renner is of early medieval Scottish origin, deriving from the Old Gaelic "rannaire", literally "the divider". In Old Gaelic sagas, the "rennairi" carved or distributed portions of food to individual guests. The exact analysis of the word is "rannaim", "I divide" (now "roinn"), plus the agent suffix "-aire". Finally, Renner may be a variant form of "Rayner", itself coming from the Old French personal name "Rainer, Re(i)ner", ultimately from the Old German "Raginhari", a compound of the elements "ragin", counsel, and "hari", army. One Elwynus Renner was noted in the "Register of Dunfermline", Scotland, in 1153, and in 1319 a Richard Renner was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Essex. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aluuinus Rennere, which was dated circa 1134, in the "Episcopal Register of Glasgow", during the reign of King David 1 of Scotland, 1124 - 1153. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Renner — steht für: Renner (South Dakota), ein gemeindefreies Gebiet in den USA Der Renner, ein mittelalterliches Epos von Hugo von Trimberg, das vermutlich zwischen 1296 und 1313 entstand Renner (Seefahrt), einen Teil eines Schiffs Ladebaums Kaufhaus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RENNER (K.) — RENNER KARL (1870 1950) Dix huitième enfant d’une famille de petits paysans de Moravie, l’Autrichien Karl Renner obtient une bourse et peut entrer à l’université de Vienne. Très vite attiré par la social démocratie, il participe avec Otto Bauer à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Renner [2] — Renner, 1) Kaspar Friedrich, geb. 1692 in Münden, kam 1717 als hannöverischer Intendant nach Bremen, wurde dort 1738 Stadtvoigt u. st. 1772. Besonders beschäftigte er sich mit der Niedersächsischen Sprache, in welcher er bald anonym, bald unter… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Renner — Ren ner ( n?r), n. A runner. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Renner [1] — Renner (altdeutsche Lit.), s.u. Hugo 43) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Renner — Renner, der, mittelhochdeutsches Lehrgedicht, s. Hugo von Trimberg …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Renner — Renner, Lehrgedicht des Hugo (s.d.) von Trimberg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Renner — Renner, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Renner — (izg. rȅner), Karl (1870 1950) DEFINICIJA austrijski socijaldemokratski teoretičar i političar; prvi kancelar i ministar vanjskih poslova Republike Austrije (1918 1920) i predsjednik obnovljene Republike poslije 2. svjetskog rata (1945 1950) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • renner — renner(e obs. ff. runner …   Useful english dictionary

  • Renner — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le patronyme Renner est une variante de Reynders. Variantes: Renner, Reeners, Rener, Reners Patronyme Renner Jérôme Renner (1981) Agent SNCF, réalisateur… …   Wikipédia en Français

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