Recorded in over forty several spelling forms including Reynard, Renard, Reynault, Renardin, Regenhardin, and Reintjes, this interesting surname is of Germanic origins, but is now widely recorded in England, Germany and France in its different forms, as well as other countries. It derives from "Raginhard", a pre 8th century personal name composed of the elements "ragin", meaning counsel, with "hard", brave or strong. The given names "Rainardi" and "Rainart" are noted in the English Domesday Book of Norfolk for 1086, having been introduced by the Norman Invaders of 1066. This name as Reynard was borne by the cunning fox in the popular medieval cycle of beast-tales, with the result that from the 13th Century the Old French "goupil" meaning fox, was replaced by the modern form of "renard". This suggests that the surname may also have originated as a nickname for crafty individuals, given the fox's reputation for cunning. Early examples of the surname recording include: Henry Renard in the Subsidy Rolls of Hampshire, England in 1325, and later James Reynard, on July 29th 1571, at St. Botolph without Aldgate in the city of London. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Elias Reynardi, which was dated 1205, at St. Benet of Holme, Norfolk. This was during the reign of King John of England (1199 - 1216). He was known originally by the nickname of 'Lackland'. This was because he was the second son of King Henry 11, and not expected to succeed his father. 'Lackland' may be described as a medieval 'in' joke, which rebounded.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Reynard — m English: of Norman origin, derived from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ragin advice, decision + hard hardy, brave, strong. In French, renard (derived from this name) has become the generic name for a fox, as a result of the… …   First names dictionary

  • Reynard — [ren′ərd, rā′nərd, rā′närd΄] n. [OFr Renard, Renart < OHG Reginhart < Gmc * ragina, counsel, judgment (< IE base * reĝ , to put in order > RIGHT) + hard, bold, brave: see HARD] 1. the fox in the medieval cycle of fables Reynard the… …   English World dictionary

  • Reynard — Rey nard, n. An appelation applied after the manner of a proper name to the fox. Same as {Renard}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reynard — Variante de Renard (voir ce nom) portée dans la région lyonnaise et le Vaucluse …   Noms de famille

  • reynard — quasi proper name for a fox, c.1300, from O.Fr. Renart, name of the fox in Roman de Renart, from O.H.G. personal name Reginhart, lit. counsel brave. The first element is related to RECKON (Cf. reckon), the second to HARD (Cf. hard) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Reynard — Illumination from a manuscript of the Roman de Renart, end of the 13th century This article is about the anthropomorphic red fox. For the car manufacturer, see Reynard Motorsport. For the ships of the Royal Navy, see HMS Reynard. Reynard (French …   Wikipedia

  • reynard — Renard Ren ard (r?n ?rd), n. [F. renard the fox, the name of the fox in a celebrated epic poem, and of German origin, G. Reinhard, OHG. Reginhard, properly, strong in counsel; regin counsel (akin to Goth. ragin) + hart hard. See {Hard}.] A fox;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reynard — /ray nahrd, neuhrd, ren euhrd/, n. a name given to the fox, originally in the medieval beast epic Reynard the Fox. Also, Renard. * * * …   Universalium

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