Pretor

Pretor
This interesting and unusual surname with variant spellings Prator, Pretor and Preator, is an English Cognate of the German name "Praetorius", which is the Latinized form of various surnames meaning "leader" or "headman", from the Latin "praetor", the title of various officials in republican and imperial Rome, used in England in the sense of "reeve", the local representative of the king in a shire until the early 11th Century. The surname itself first appears in records in the mid 12th Century, (see below). Robertus Pretor or Praepositus was recorded in the Curia Rolls of Gloucester in 1208. On November 7th 1563, Mare, daughter of Edward Prater was christened at St. Andrew Undershaft, London while one Elizabeth Prater married Henry Sheres on August 17th 1567, at St. James Clerkenwell, London. On January 14th 1677, Katherine Priter, daughter of Samuel priter, was christened at St Sepulcre Church, London. and On April 29th 1783, Henry Pritir married Mary Ellender at St Martins in the Field, Westminster. Thomas Prater, aged 20, who arrived in Virginia on the "Marie Prouidence" in 1622, was servant to John and Kathren Powell, aged 29 and 22, who had arrived there in 1609 and 1622, respectively. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Willelmus Pretor, which was dated 1150, in the Documents illustrative of the Social and Economic History of the Danelaw, during the reign of King Stephen, known as "Count of Blois", 1135 - 1154. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Pretor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un pretor (del latín Práetor) era un magistrado romano cuya jerarquía se alineaba inmediatamente por debajo de la de cónsul. Hoy juez menor. En los primeros tiempos de la república romana, el término pretor servía… …   Wikipedia Español

  • pretor — PRÉTOR, pretori, s.m. 1. Magistrat roman cu înalte atribuţii judiciare (şi care adesea guverna o provincie romană). 2. (În vechea armată) Persoană numită pe lângă marile unităţi militare, cu atribuţii în poliţia administrativă şi juridică în timp …   Dicționar Român

  • Pretor — Pre tor, n. [L. praetor, for praeitor, fr. praeire to go before; prae before + ire to go. See {Issue}.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A civil officer or magistrate among the ancient Romans. [1913 Webster] Note: Originally the pretor was a kind of third… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pretor — |ô| s. m. 1. Antigo magistrado romano. 2.  [Brasil] Um dos cargos da magistratura federal no Brasil, próprio do Distrito Federal.   ‣ Etimologia: latim praetor, oris …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • pretor — prȇtor m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. u antičkom Rimu, najviši državni službenik iza konzula 2. magistrat koji obavlja sudačku funkciju ETIMOLOGIJA lat. praetor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • pretor — [prēt′ər] n. alt. sp. of PRAETOR pretorial [prē tôr′ē əl] adj. pretorian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Pretor — I (Del lat. praetor.) ► sustantivo masculino HISTORIA Magistrado romano que ejercía jurisdicción en Roma o en las provincias. II (Derivado del ant. prieto, negro.) ► sustantivo masculino PESCA Negrura de las aguas en los lugares donde abundan los …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • pretor — {{#}}{{LM P31588}}{{〓}} {{[}}pretor{{]}} ‹pre·tor› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{♂}}En la antigua Roma,{{♀}} magistrado que ejercía jurisdicción en la capital o en las provincias. {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} Del latín praetor, y este de praeire (ir a la… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • pretor — US var. of PRAETOR. * * * pretor, orian, ory etc.: see prætor, etc …   Useful english dictionary

  • pretor — variant of praetor …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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