Parkes

Parkes
This very interesting medieval surname is Anglo-Scottish, but of French origins. Recorded as Park and Parke, the patronymics Parkes, Parks and the rare occupational Parkman, it describes a person employed in or at a "park". This was not an area of flowers and walks, but a fenced hunting ground, kept specially for the use of royalty and nobility, and for which there were serious penalties for unauthrised entry. The derivation is from the pre 10th century French word "parc" introduced into England and Scotland after the Norman-French invasion of 1066. The keeper of the park was a position of great status and trust, and such keepers had considerable powers of arrest and punishment. Not surprisingly the surname is one of the earliest recorded and examples include Iselota atte Park of the county of Kent in 1285, and Henry del Parks of Worcestershire in 1304. Amongst the many recordings of the name is that of Thomas Parkes, who on February 24th 1624 is recorded as 'living in Virginea' making him one of the very earliest settlers to the New England colonies. The famous Scottish explorer, Mungo Park, (1771 - 1806), led two expeditions to trace the source of the Niger in Africa, and published an account of his adventures, "Travels", in 1799. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry del Parck. This was dated 1272, in the Assize Court rolls of Staffordshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England, 1272 - 1307. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Parkes — may refer to:* Sir Henry Parkes, Australian politician and Father of Federation There are also several things named after him:* Parkes, New South Wales, a regional town * Parkes Observatory, a radio telescope near Parkes, New South Wales * Parkes …   Wikipedia

  • Parkes — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Parkes (1813−1890), englischer Metallurge und Erfinder Broc Parkes (* 1981), australischer Motorradrennfahrer Frank Kobina Parkes, ghanaischer Journalist und Autor Henry Parkes (1815–1896), aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parkes —   [pɑːks], Sir (seit 1877) Henry, australischer Politiker, * Stoneleigh (County Warwickshire, Großbritannien) 27. 5. 1815, ✝ Sydney 27. 4. 1896; ging 1839 nach Australien, gründete 1850 die radikalliberale Zeitung »Empire«, die er bis 1858… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Parkes — Parkes, Sir Henry, austral. Staatsmann, geb. 1815 als Sohn eines englischen Pächters in Stoneleigh (Warwickshire), gest. 27. April 1896 in Sydney, lernte in Birmingham das Eisengeschäft, wanderte 1839 nach Australien aus, gründete in Sydney die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Parkes — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Sir Henry Parkes, 1815–1896, était un homme politique australien; Harry Smith Parkes,1828 1885, était un diplomate britannique; Mike Parkes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parkes — I. /paks/ (say pahks) noun Sir Henry, 1815–96, Australian politician, born in England; contributed much to Australian federation. Henry Parkes worked as a bone and ivory turner before migrating with his wife to NSW in 1839. In Sydney he began… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Parkes — ▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, east central New South Wales, Australia, in the Lachlan River valley. Originally known as Bushman s, it was founded in 1862 as a reef and alluvial gold centre. It was renamed for Sir Henry Parkes, a state… …   Universalium

  • Parkes — Original name in latin Parkes Name in other language PKE, Parkes State code AU Continent/City Australia/Sydney longitude 33.1372 latitude 148.1759 altitude 335 Population 10026 Date 2013 06 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Parkes — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Parkes Country and Admin Code AU.02.16200 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Parkes — biographical name Sir Henry 1815 1896 Australian statesman …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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