Penman

Penman
Penman is a surname which has both literally and metaphorically travelled around a lot over the centuries. It is of Olde French origins and derives from the word "paniere" and was introduced by the Normans after the 1066 invasion. originally it probably described a maker of baskets, but in England was almost certainly job descriptive for a merchant, one who travelled carrying his or her goods in panniers. The surname is also found as Panner or Panniers which may be described as metonymics whilst the forms as Pannaman, Penman, and Pennyman are specific. The Anglo-Saxon suffix "mann" has various meanings from friend to servant or even relative, but in this case is probably an emphasis on the occupation. Early examples of the surname showing its development include William Peniman in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridge in the year 1279, and Ralph Paniman or Panyman in the 1296 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. Later church recordings include George and Mary Penman, who were witnesses at the christening of their daughter Elizabeth, at the church of St Botolphs without Aldgate, London on February 12th 1711, whilst on July 5th 1809, John Penman married Lucy Matchet Hamond at St James Church, Colchester, Essex. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Simon Penyman, which was dated 1268, in the Assize Register of Somerset, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Penman — is a surname. It refers to: *Andy Penman (1943–1994), Scottish professional football player *David John Penman (1936–1989), Australian Anglican archbishop *Ian Penman (contemporary), British radio and television writer *Ian Penman (b. 1959),… …   Wikipedia

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  • Penman — Pen man, n.; pl. {Penmen}. 1. One who uses the pen; a writer; esp., one skilled in the use of the pen; a calligrapher; a writing master. [1913 Webster] 2. An author; a composer. South. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • penman — [pen′mən] n. pl. penmen [pen′mən] 1. a person employed to write or copy 2. a person skilled in penmanship 3. an author …   English World dictionary

  • penman — noun Date: 1539 1. a. calligrapher b. copyist, scribe c. a person with a specified quality or kind of handwriting < a poor penman > 2. author …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • penman —    a forger    Literally, a skilled writer with a pen. Criminal jargon:     Then there are the blanks , the unfilled identity cards, on which the penman can work at will using the originals to produce forgeries of superb quality. (Forsyth, 1994) …   How not to say what you mean: A dictionary of euphemisms

  • penman — n. (pl. men) 1 a person who writes by hand with a specified skill (a good penman). 2 an author. Derivatives: penmanship n …   Useful english dictionary

  • Penman-Monteith — Like the Penman equation, the Penman Monteith equation requires daily mean temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and solar radiation to predict net evapotranspiration. Other than radiation, these parameter are implicit in the derivation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Penman equation — The Penman equation describes evaporation ( E ) from an open water surface, and was developed by Howard Penman in 1948. Penman s equation requires daily mean temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and solar radiation to predict E. Simpler… …   Wikipedia

  • Penman & Greenwood — The Daily Mirror investigators who expose rogues in the Thursday edition of the paper.Journalists Andrew Penman and Michael Greenwood find the cheats and confront them.The investigations column, launched in 1997, was originally called Sorted and… …   Wikipedia

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