This unusual surname is of early medieval English origin, and derives from the Middle English and Old French "pentecost", ultimately from the Greek "pentecoste", meaning the fiftieth day after Easter, ie. Whitsuntide. This, is a personal nickname that was originally given to someone who was born at Whitsuntide, or had some particular connection with that time of year, such as owing a feudal obligation then. The surname first appears on record in the 12th Century, possibly the first example being on Pentecoste de Wendleswurda, noted in the Pipe Rolls of Surrey for the year 1187. Further early examples include: John Pentecost (Sussex, 1212); William Pentecoste (Oxfordshire, 1273); and John Pantecost (Middlesex, 1371). The seal of Cristina filia (daughter of) Pentecuste (Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, 1250) bore the words, "s. Cristine Pentecost", showing that she had adopted as her surname the christian name of her father who was probably Pentecost de Oxonia (Oseney, 1230). There are many spelling variations including Pencost, Pancost, Pentycost, Pancoast, Pancoust etc, and examples of the recordings include - Hew Pancast who married Elizabeth Daddes at the church of St. Andrew by the Wardrobe, London on February 21st 1636, Michael Pancost, who married Elizabeth Rabby at St. Benet Fink, London on January 16th 1704, and Richard Pancoust, who married Mary Goodaye at St. Botolph without Aldergate on December 1st 1755. There has been suggestion that the latter form is French Huguenot. This is possible, but is not proven, nor does the name appear in this spelling in France. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Pentecost, which was dated 1200, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Surrey", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Pentecost — • A feast which commemorates the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, fifty days after the Resurrection of Christ Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pentecost     Pentecost ( …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pentecost — Pen te*cost, n. [L. pentecoste, Gr. ? (sc. ?) the fiftieth day, Pentecost, fr. ? fiftieth, fr. ? fifty, fr. ? five. See {Five}, and cf. {Pingster}.] 1. A solemn festival of the Jews; so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pentecost — O.E. Pentecosten Christian festival on seventh Sunday after Easter, from L.L. pentecoste, from Gk. pentekoste hemera fiftieth day, fem. of pentekostos, from pentekonta fifty, from pente five (see FIVE (Cf. five)). The Hellenic name for the Old… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pentecost — ► NOUN 1) the Christian festival celebrating the descent of the Holy Spirit on the disciples of Jesus after his Ascension, held on Whit Sunday. 2) the Jewish festival of Shavuoth. ORIGIN from Greek pent kost h mera fiftieth day (because the… …   English terms dictionary

  • Pentecost — [pen′tə kôst΄, pen′təkäst΄] n. [ME < LL(Ec) pentecoste < Gr(Ec) pentēkostē (hēmera), the fiftieth (day) after Passover < pentēkonta, fifty < pente,FIVE] 1. SHAVUOT 2. a Christian festival on the seventh Sunday after Easter,… …   English World dictionary

  • Pentecost — For the Ancient Israel Pentecost , and the Jewish holiday, see Shavuot. For other uses, see Pentecost (disambiguation). Pentecost An Eastern Orthodox icon of Pentecost. This is the Icon of the Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles. At the… …   Wikipedia

  • Pentecost — Lage der Insel Karte der Pentecost Insel Die Pentecost Insel ist eine der 83 Inseln, die den pazifischen Inselstaat Vanuatu bilden. Sie liegt 190 Kilometer nördlich von der Hauptstadt Port Vila. Pentec …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pentecost — /pen ti kawst , kost /, n. 1. a Christian festival celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter, commemorating the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles; Whitsunday. 2. Shavuoth. [bef. 1000; ME pentecoste, OE pentecosten < LL pentecoste …   Universalium

  • Pentecost — In the OT, the feast of Weeks(Exod. 34:22), an agricultural festival on which work was forbidden (Lev. 23:21). Later, the festival was incorporated into Israel s national consciousness of its history and became associated first with the covenant… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Pentecost — [[t]pe̱ntɪkɒst, AM kɔːst[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Pentecost is a Christian festival that takes place on the seventh Sunday after Easter and celebrates the sending of the Holy Spirit to the first followers of Christ. 2) N UNCOUNT Pentecost is a Jewish… …   English dictionary

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