Derived from the ancient Greek "Nikolaos", which translates as "victory-people", the name was very popular in Europe throughout the medieval period, largely as a result of the veneration of the 4th Century St. Nicholas of Lycia. There are an estimated three hundred variant spellings including patronymics ranging from Nichol, Nicolas,Nicolson, Nicholson and Nickless to Nigg, Nicoletti, and Mikulik. In the case of Nicholson, this is a famous patronymic, first recorded in Scotland, in the 15th Century, although one William Nicholai appears as early as 1219. The Nicholson's are amongst the most famous of all military surnames. Sir Francis Nicholson (1660 - 1728) being one of the earliest Governors of New England, whilst General John Mutiny (1856 - 1857), and Pilot Officer James Nicholson won the Victoria Cross in the Battle of Britain (July to October 1940) The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Michael Nycholson, which was dated 1443, in the "Land Charters of Cupar in Angus", during the reign of King James 11 of Scotland, 1437 - 1460. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Nicolson — is a patronymic surname meaning son of Nicholas . There are alternate spellings. Nicolson may refer to: People Adam Nicolson, British writer, son of Nigel Nicolson Adela Florence Nicolson, British poet writing as Laurence Hope Arthur Nicolson,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Nicolson (1849–1928), englischer Diplomat, Autor und Politiker Benedict Nicolson (1914–1978), englischer Kunsthistoriker, Sohn Harold Nicolsons Gerda Nicolson (1937–1992), australische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolson —   [ nɪklsn],    1) Arthur, 1. Baron Carnock [ kɑːnək] (seit 1916), britischer Diplomat, * London 19. 9. 1849, ✝ ebenda 5. 11. 1928, Vater von 2); seit 1874 im diplomatischen Dienst, war 1906 10 Botschafter in Sankt Petersburg und schloss 1907 das …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nicolson — Nicolson, Sir Arthur, brit. Diplomat, geb. 19. Sept. 1849, verließ Oxford, ohne einen akademischen Grad erlangt zu haben, war 1870–74 im Auswärtigen Amt, kam dann als Botschafts oder Gesandtschaftssekretär nach Berlin (1874 und 1878), Peking… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nicolson —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Nicholson. Nicolson est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Sir Arthur Nicolson (1849 – 1928) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolson — noun English diplomat and author (1886 1968) • Syn: ↑Harold Nicolson, ↑Sir Harold George Nicolson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist, ↑writer, ↑author * * * /nik euhl seuhn/, n …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nicolson Institute — Scottish Gaelic: Sgoil MhicNeacail Established 1873 Type Secondary Rector Frances Murray Founder Alexander Morrison Nicolson Location Springfield Road …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolson Baronets — There have been four Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Nicolson, all in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. two of the creations are extant as of 2008. The Nicolson Baronetcy, of Cockburnspath in Berwickshire, was created in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolson, Sir Harold — ▪ British diplomat and author in full  Harold George Nicholson   born Nov. 21, 1886, Tehrān, Iran died May 1, 1968, Sissinghurst Castle, Kent, Eng.       British diplomat and author of more than 125 books, including political essays, travel… …   Universalium

  • Nicolson, Nigel — ▪ 2005       British biographer, publisher, and politician (b. Jan. 19, 1917, London, Eng. d. Sept. 23, 2004, Sissinghurst, Kent, Eng.), created a furor in 1973 with Portrait of a Marriage, a frank and to many shocking analysis of the unorthodox… …   Universalium

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