Mutton

Mutton
Recorded as Motton, Mouton, Mutton and Mitton, this is an Anglo-French surname, but with at least two distinct origins. Firstly, it may be of pre 10th century Old French origin, and an occupational name for a shepherd. The derivation being from the word "mouton", meaning sheep. Job-descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and only later became hereditary when a son followed his father into the same job or profession. The surname from this source first appears in the late 12th century with examples including: Robert Mouton of Leicestershire, in 1219, and William Moton of Sussex, in 1327. The second possible origin is Anglo-Saxon, and a locational name from residence at any of the various places named from the words "gemyth-tun", translating as the settlement (tun) at the junction of two streams. These places include: Little Mitton in Lancashire, recorded as "Little Mutton" in 1283; Upper and Lower Mitton, Worcestershire; Great Mitton, Yorkshire; and Myton in Warwickshire, Shropshire, and the North Riding of Yorkshire. Early recordings from this source include: William de Mutton of Staffordshire, in the year 1287, and Robert de Mutone of Somerset, in 1327). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Stephen Muton. This was dated 1195, in the Cartulary of Oseney Abbey, Oxfordshire, during the reign of King Richard 1st, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Mutton — Mut ton, n. [OE. motoun, OF. moton, molton, a sheep, wether, F. mouton, LL. multo, by transposition of l fr. L. mutilus mutilated. See {Mutilate}.] 1. A sheep. [Obs.] Chapman. [1913 Webster] Not so much ground as will feed a mutton. Sir H. Sidney …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mutton — (n.) flesh of sheep used as food, late 13c., from O.Fr. moton mutton; ram, wether, sheep (12c., Mod.Fr. mouton), from M.L. multonem (8c.), probably from Gallo Romance *multo s, accusative of Celtic *multo sheep (Cf. O.Ir. molt wether, Mid Breton… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mutton — ► NOUN ▪ the flesh of mature sheep used as food. ● mutton dressed as lamb Cf. ↑mutton dressed as lamb ORIGIN Old French moton, from Latin multo, probably of Celtic origin …   English terms dictionary

  • mutton — [mut′ n] n. [ME moton < OFr, a ram < ML * multo, sheep, of Celt orig. as in Welsh mollt, Ir molt] 1. the flesh of a sheep, esp. a grown sheep, used as food 2. Rare a sheep muttony adj …   English World dictionary

  • mutton — n. 1 the flesh of sheep used for food. 2 joc. a sheep. Phrases and idioms: mutton bird Austral. 1 any bird of the genus Puffinus, esp. the short tailed shearwater, P. tenuirostris. 2 any of various petrels. mutton chop 1 a piece of mutton, usu.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • mutton —    a person viewed sexually by another    The common meat1 imagery:     The duke... would eat mutton on Fridays. He s now past it. (Shakespeare, Measure for Measure) A mutton was a prostitute, and a mutton monger was a profligate male,… …   How not to say what you mean: A dictionary of euphemisms

  • mutton — [[t]mʌ̱t(ə)n[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Mutton is meat from an adult sheep that is eaten as food. ...a leg of mutton. ...mutton stew. 2) PHRASE: usu v link PHR (disapproval) If you describe a woman as mutton dressed as lamb, you are criticizing her for… …   English dictionary

  • mutton — Эм, Круглая (Em space, Mutton, Quad)     Ширина самой широкой прописной буквы латинского алфавита «М». Традиционно считается, что она равна кеглю [высота шрифта, размер] шрифта, то есть в шрифте кегля 10 эм равна 10 пунктам [единица измерения… …   Шрифтовая терминология

  • mutton — noun Etymology: Middle English motoun, mutton, sheep, from Anglo French mutun ram, sheep, mutton, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish molt wether Date: 13th century the flesh of a mature sheep used for food • muttony adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mutton — Synonyms and related words: agneau, bellwether, breast of lamb, ewe, ewe lamb, gigot, jambe de mouton, jumbuck, lamb, lambkin, leg of lamb, leg of mutton, mouton, ram, saddle of mutton, sheep, teg, tup, wether, yeanling …   Moby Thesaurus

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