This name, with variant spelling Mongan, is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic O Mongain. The Gaelic prefix 'O' indicates 'male descendant of', plus the personal byname 'Mongan' referring to one with a luxurious growth of hair (from 'mong', long-haired, plus the diminutive suffix 'ain'). Three branches of this sept existed in ancient Ireland. The Ulster sept which gave its name to the parish of Termonomongan in County Tyrone is no longer numerous. The Munster Mangans, orginally belonging to Counties Cork and Tipperary, now have a wider distribution in County Limerick. The territory of the third sept lay in North Connacht where the name was phonetically Anglicized as Mongan. To-day, however the form Mangan is more prevalent in all areas. James Clarence Mangan (1803 - 1849), born in Shanagolden, County Limerick, was a poet of renown and contributer to the 'Nation' and 'United Irishman' journals. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Mangan, (the name borne by twelve families), which was dated 1665, 'The Hearth Money Rolls for County Tipperary', during the reign of King Charles 11 of England, 'The Merry Monarch', 1160 - 1185. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • mangan — MANGÁN s.n. Element chimic din grupa metalelor, de culoare albă cenuşie, strălucitor, dur şi sfărâmicios, existent în natură sub formă de oxizi şi întrebuinţat în metalurgie la fabricarea anumitor aliaje. – Din germ. Mangan. Trimis de claudia, 13 …   Dicționar Român

  • Mangan — (IRE) n. 1. hair, 2. horse s mane adj. hairy slang. short or nick name for the hairy rock Manganese surname. it was used to describe a person s job, horse groomer, caretaker, and perhaps horse trainer and breeder. Mangan may refer to: Mangan… …   Wikipedia

  • Mangan [2] — Mangan Mn, Metall, Atomgew. 54,93, spez. Gew. 7,39, Schmelzpunkt gegen 1260°; Siedepunkt bei 1900°. Härter als gewöhnlicher Stahl. Obwohl das Metall selbst unmagnetisch ist, bildet es mit einigen unmagnetischen Elementen stark magnetische… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Mangan — Localidad de la India …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mangan — (Mangănum, Manganesium), chemisches Zeichen Mn, Atomgewicht 345 (O = 100), 27,6 (H = 1), ein dem Eisen verwandtes Metall, welches als Superoxyd (als Braunstein, daher Braunsteinmetall), wegen seiner Brauchbarkeit zur Glasbereitung, längst bekannt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mangān — Mn, Metall, findet sich nicht gediegen, aber ebenso verbreitet wie das Eisen in Sauerstoffverbindungen (als Braunstein oder Pyrolusit MnO2, Braunit Mn2O3, Manganit Mn2H2O4, Hausmannit Mn3O4, mit Baryt und Kalk verbunden als Psilomelan [Mn Ba]O.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mangan [1] — Mangan Mn, Metall, Atomgew. 55,0, spez. Gew. 8,0, Schmelzpunkt bis gegen 1500°. Das harte, spröde und unmagnetische Metall hat eine grauweiße Farbe mit rötlichem Schimmer; es oxydiert sich leicht an feuchter Luft, zersetzt Wasser langsam bei… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • mangan — màngān m <G mangána> DEFINICIJA kem. element (simbol Mn, atomski broj 25), tvrd i vrlo krt metal; spojevi mangana koriste se u medicini kao antiseptici itd. ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Mangan, ≃ tal. manganese ≃ srlat. magnesia, v. magnezij …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Mangan — Man gan, n. See {Mangonel}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mangan — Mangān (chem. Zeichen Mn), dem Eisen ähnliches Metall, in der Natur weit verbreitet, aber immer an Sauerstoff gebunden, im Pyrolusit (Braunstein), Braunit, Manganit, Hausmannit, Manganspat, Braunspat, der Manganblende; rötlichweiß, sehr spröde,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mangan — Mangan, manganum, Braunsteinmetall, ist grauweiß, nicht stark glänzend, sehr weich u. sehr spröde, hat ein spec. Gewicht von 7,0.–8,0. und wird aus den M.erzen, besonders aus dem Braunstein (s.d.) dargestellt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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