This notable surname is an Anglicized form of the Old Scottish Gaelic "MacArtain" or the Irish "MacCartaine". The Gaelic prefix "mac" means "son of", and "Artain" is a diminutive of the Old Celtic byname "Art", bear, hero. Traditionally, Gaelic family names are taken from the heads of tribes or from some illustrious warrior. This surname is widely recorded in Scotland from the early part of the 16th Century (see below). One Thomas McCartnay or MaKartnay of Wigtownshire was noted in the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland in 1562, and a Helen Macartney is mentioned in connection with land in Dumfries, circa 1588. William MacKartnay, burgess of Aberdeen, appears in records of that city, dated 1603. The surname has been prominent in north-east Ulster since the mid 17th Century. One Captain George Macartney, who came to County Antrim in 1630, was descended from an old family of the name in Ayrshire. Macartney is listed in Petty's "Census" of 1659 as a principal Irish surname in the barony of Belfast and in 1666, a James MacCartney was entered in the County Monaghan Hearth Money Rolls. George Macartney (1737 - 1806), was created Baron Macartney of Lissanoure in 1776, and first Earl Macartney in the Irish peerage in 1792. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert McCartnay of Galloway, which was dated 1529, in the "Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland", during the reign of King James V of Scotland, 1513 - 1542. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Macartney — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: George Macartney, 1. Earl Macartney (1737–1806), britischer Staatsmann, Kolonialbeamter und Diplomat George Macartney (Britischer Generalkonsul) (1867–1945), britischer Generalkonsul in Kaschgar George McCartney (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macartney — Ma*cart ney, n. [From Lord Macartney.] (Zo[ o]l.) A fire backed pheasant. See {Fireback}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Macartney — (spr. Makartni), Georg Earl of M., geb 1737 zu Lissanoure in Irland; wurde durch die Lords Holland u. Sandwich in das Parlament gebracht u. 1765 als Botschafter nach Petersburg gesandt; zurückgekehrt folgte er dem Lord Townsend, damals Vicekönig… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Macartney — (Mekartni), George, Graf. geb. 1737 in Irland, gest. 1806, engl. Staatsbeamter, bekannt durch seine Gesandtschaftsreise nach China, die übrigens keinen Erfolg hatte; die Beschreibung derselben (durch seinen Secretär Staunton) war bis in die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • macartney — mə̇ˈkärtnē noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: after George, 1st Earl Macartney died 1806 British diplomat 1. : fireback 1 2. : macartney rose …   Useful english dictionary

  • Macartney Embassy — The Macartney Embassy, also called the Macartney Mission, was a British embassy to China in 1793. It is named for the first envoy of Great Britain to China, George Macartney, who led the endeavor. The goal of the embassy was to convince Emperor… …   Wikipedia

  • Macartney Baronets — The Macartney Baronetcy, of Lish in the County of Armagh, is a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 4 January 1799 for Sir John Macartney, Member of the Irish House of Commons for Fore and Naas. He had been knighted in 1796 for… …   Wikipedia

  • Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, Viscount Macartney of Dervock, baron of Lissanoure, Baron Macartney of Parkhurst and of Auchinleck, Lord Macartney — ▪ British emissary born May 3, 1737, Lissanoure, County Antrim, Northern Ireland died March 31, 1806, Chiswick, Surrey, England       first British emissary to Beijing.       A member of an old Scots Irish family, Macartney studied at Trinity… …   Universalium

  • Macartney-Mission — Reiseskizze von Lord Macartneys Audienz bei Kaiser Qianlong in Jehol Die Macartney Mission war eine 1793 vom britischen König Georg III. nach China geschickte Gesandtschaft. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • macartney rose — noun Usage: usually capitalized M Etymology: after George, 1st Earl Macartney : a tall growing rambling Chinese evergreen rose (Rosa bracteata) that has hairy branches, strong hooked prickles, and large solitary fragrant white flowers above… …   Useful english dictionary

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