This notable and long established surname, widespread in Lancashire, is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is an occupational name for a maker of chests. The derivation is from the Middle English and Old French "arc", ark, chest, coffer, via the Latin "arcere", to shut in, enclose, with "wrytte", maker, craftsman. The following quotation from the medieval "Tale of a Usurer" reads, "When this corn to the Kniht was sold, He did it in an arc to hold, And opened this arc the third day". Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. Early examples of the surname include: Thomas the Arkewrytte (Cheshire, 1286), and George Arkewright (Yorkshire, 1450). In the Richmond Wills Records of 1539, reference is made to the bequest of a sheep to one Henry Arkwright, and in 1683, a John Arkwright, of Broughton, Furness, was noted in Lancashire Wills held at Richmond. Probably the most famous bearer of the name was Sir Richard Arkwright (1732 - 1792), an engineer and cotton manufacturer, who in 1769 invented and erected a spinning-mill near Hockley. He was knighted in 1786, and became high sheriff of Derbyshire the following year. Arkwright Town near Chesterfield in Derbyshire, and Arkwright Street, Nottinghamshire, were named in his honour. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert de Arkewright, which was dated 1246, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Arkwright — is a surname, and may refer to:* Ian Arkwright (born 1959), English professional footballer * May Arkwright (1860 – 1915), suffrage leader in the early history of the Pacific Northwest of the United States. * Richard Arkwright (1732 – 1792),… …   Wikipedia

  • Arkwright — ist der Name von Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), begüterter Textilindustrieller und Erfinder zahlreicher Patente im Bereich des Spinnens mehrere Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Arkwright (Alabama) Arkwright (Georgia) Arkwright (New York)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ARKWRIGHT (R.) — ARKWRIGHT sir RICHARD (1732 1792) Le «père du système usinier» est l’un des grands inventeurs et hommes d’affaires de la révolution industrielle anglaise. Né de parents pauvres, barbier de profession à Bolton à partir de 1760, Richard Arkwright… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arkwright — (spr. Ärkreit, Sir Richard), geb. um 1740 in Derbyshire (n. And. in Manchester), Barbier zu Wirksworth, gab 1767 sein Metier auf u. beschäftigte sich zu Warrinton mit Construction eines Perpetuum mobile, dann mit der einer Spinnmaschine für… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arkwright — (spr. árk rait), Sir Richard, Mechaniker, geb. 23. Dez. 1732 zu Preston in Lancashire, gest. 3. Aug. 1792 in Cromford. Ursprünglich Barbier, widmete er sich unter Beihilfe des Uhrmachers Kay in Warrington mechanischen Arbeiten und konstruierte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arkwright — (spr. ahrk reit), Sir Richard, engl. Mechaniker, geb. 23. Dez. 1732 zu Preston in Lancashire, konstruierte nach dem Vorgang Wyatts in Verbindung mit dem Uhrmacher Kay 1768 eine Spinnmaschine für Baumwolle, die er zuerst durch Pferde, dann durch… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arkwright — Arkwright, sir Richard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arkwright —   [ ɑːkraɪt], Sir (seit 1786) Richard, britischer Erfinder und Industrieller, * Preston (County Lancashire) 23. 12. 1732, ✝ Cromford 3. 8. 1792; erhielt 1769 ein Patent auf die Baumwollspinnmaschine mit Streckwalzen zur automatischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arkwright — [ärk′rīt΄] Sir Richard 1732 92; Eng. inventor of a cotton spinning machine …   English World dictionary

  • Arkwright — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Arkwright peut faire référence à : Richard Arkwright (1732 1792), un ingénieur et industriel anglais, Arkwright, une localité du comté de Chautauqua… …   Wikipédia en Français

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