This interesting name recorded as Lever, Levers and Leaver, has three distinct possible origins. Firstly, it may derive from the old French "levre", a hare and originally given as a nickname to a fleet-footed person. Occasionally, Lever may be a shortened form of the Norman French "leve(i)er", a harrier or hunter of hares, Roger Leverier, (Cambridgeshire, 1230), being the earliest recorded bearer of the name in its full form. The name may also be topographical from residence by a patch of reedy ground. The derivation in this case is from the old English pre 7th Century "loefer", reed, rush or iris. Great and Little Lever in Lancashire are named with this word and the surname may also be locational from either of the above places. Finally, the old English personal name Leofhere, composed of the elements "leof", beloved, plus "here", army may be the source of the surname. Ralph Lever, Conon of Durham, 1567, wrote "The Arte of Reason", a treatises on logic, in 1573. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Dande de Lever, witness, which was dated 1246, "The Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire", during the reign of King Henry 111, "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leaver — Leav er (l[=e]v [ e]r), n. One who leaves, or withdraws. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leaver — Henrietta Leaver (* 28. März 1916 in Monongahela bei Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania als Henrietta Applegate; † September 1993) war 1935 die neunte Miss America. Henrietta Leaver arbeitete in einem kleinen five and dime store in McKeesport. 1933 gewann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • leaver — A merchant ship which breaks off from a convoy to proceed to a different destination and becomes independent. Also called convoy leaver. See also leaver convoy; leaver section …   Military dictionary

  • leaver — atsiskiriantysis laivas statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Prekinis laivas, kuris atsiskiria nuo laivų konvojaus ir plaukia į kitą paskyrimo vietą atskirai. atitikmenys: angl. convoy leaver; leaver pranc. navire quittant; navire quittant un… …   NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • leaver — noun One who leaves. Hes a leaver, not a stayer, hell never be happy tied down in one place …   Wiktionary

  • leaver — /ˈlivə/ (say leevuh) noun 1. someone or something that leaves. 2. a school leaver. {leave1 + er1} …  

  • leaver — Ⅰ. leave [1] ► VERB (past and past part. left) 1) go away from. 2) cease living at, attending, or working for: he left home at 16. 3) allow or cause to remain; go away without taking. 4) (be left) remain to be used or dealt with: drink …   English terms dictionary

  • leaver section — A group of ships forming part of the main convoy which will subsequently break off to become leavers or a leaver convoy. See also leaver; leaver convoy …   Military dictionary

  • leaver convoy — A convoy which has broken off from the main convoy and is proceeding to a different destination. See also leaver; leaver section …   Military dictionary

  • leaver convoy — atsiskiriantysis konvojus statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Konvojaus laivų grupė, kuri, atsiskyrusi nuo pagrindinio konvojaus, tampa atskiru konvojumi ir plaukia į kitą paskyrimo vietą. atitikmenys: angl. leaver convoy pranc. convoi détaché… …   NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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