This interesting surname is an Anglo-French metonymic occupational name for a high official in the retinue of a royal or noble household. The surname is equally recorded in many spellings forms in both countries. The official position of 'Larder' or 'Lardier' was a situation of very considerable trust, granted only to the most respected of retainers, and being second only to 'The Steward',the head of the household. The word originally described "a tub to keep bacon in" and is from the Roman/Latin word "Lardarium" meaning bacon. The surname first appears in English 12th Century rolls (see below) and includes examples such as Peter de Larder in the 1173 Pipe Rolls of Hampshire, and Thomas del Larder in the 1304 Calendar of the Close Rolls of London. Other examples are those of William de Larder in the Patent Rolls of King Henry 111 (1216 - 1272) and John Larder in the Privy Seal bills of November 1st to 15th 1559. In France where records are generally poorer, the name spelling forms include Lardier, Lardeux, Larderot, Lardez, etc. Examples taken from French records include Marquise Lelardeux, who married Jean Poirier at Angers, Maine et Loire, on August 28th 1637, and Nicholas Lardez who married Catherine Husson at Laoef, Meurthe et Moselle, on October 29th 1718. Other recordings in England include variant forms such as John Lardeau of West Meon, Hampshire on December 12th 1565, and John Lardeur of Dorset, apparently recorded in the rolls of Oxford University in 1616. The Coat of Arms granted in 1620 to Humphrey Larder of Uplyme, Dorset has the blazon of a silver field, three black piles, each charged with three gold bezants. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Bernard Larderer, which was dated 1130, in the Pipe Rolls of Wiltshire, during the reign of King Henry 1, known as "the Administrator", 1100 - 1135. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • larder — [ larde ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • 1175; de lard 1 ♦ Piquer (une pièce de viande) de lardons introduits dans l épaisseur du morceau. ⇒ entrelarder. Larder du bœuf à braiser avec une lardoire. 2 ♦ Par anal. (Techn.) Garnir (une pièce de bois)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • larder — v. act. Mettre des lardons à de la viande. Un Rotisseur qui larde bien, qui larde bien proprement. larder de la viande dru & menu. larder de gros lard. On dit fig. Larder de coups d espée, pour dire, Percer de plusieurs coups d espée …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • larder — (n.) c.1300, supply of salt pork, bacon, and other meats, later in reference to the room for processing and storing such (late 14c.), from Anglo Fr. larder, O.Fr. lardier a place for meats, from M.L. lardarium a room for meats, from L. lardum… …   Etymology dictionary

  • larder — Larder, Lardo transfigere. Larder de fleches, Configere sagittis. Fumée lardée de flambes, id est, entremeslée …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Larder — Lard er (l[aum]rd [ e]r), n. [OF. lardier. See {Lard}, n.] A room or place where meat and other articles of food are kept before they are cooked. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • larder — [n] provisions food supply, groceries, pantry, provender, stock, storage, supplies; concepts 140,712 …   New thesaurus

  • larder — ► NOUN ▪ a room or large cupboard for storing food. ORIGIN originally denoting a store of meat: from Latin lardarium, from lardum lard …   English terms dictionary

  • larder — [lär′dər] n. [ME < OFr lardier, orig., storehouse for bacon < ML lardarium < L lardum, LARD] 1. a place where the food supplies of a household are kept; pantry 2. a supply of food; provisions …   English World dictionary

  • larder — (lar dé) v. a. 1°   Mettre des lardons dans la viande.    Absolument. Un rôtisseur qui larde bien. 2°   Familièrement. Larder quelqu un de coups d épée, le percer de plusieurs coups d épée.    Larder un cheval, lui donner si fort et si souvent de …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • LARDER — v. a. Mettre des lardons dans la viande. Larder de la viande dru et menu, la larder de gros lard.   Il s emploie quelquefois absolument. Un rôtisseur qui larde bien, qui larde proprement. Fig. et fam., Larder quelqu un de coups d épée, Le percer… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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