Recorded as Hallock, Haylock, Hillock, and possibly others, this is a medieval English surname. It is just possible that it is residential from Hillock, a tiny hamlet in the county of Lancashire, although we have no proof as the surname did not exist in that county before the 19th century, or perhaps more likely was descriptive for a person who lived on a small hill or hillock. Surnames taken from natural features in the country side including the popular examples of Hill, Wood and Heath, were amongst the first to be created after the 12th century a.d. As to how they developed variant spellings can be put down to a combination of a lack of education, even by the year 1830 less than 12% of the population of the British Isles could write their own name, intermixed with strong local accents. This often lead to the creation of 'sounds like' spellings as nameholders moved around the country from the Middle Ages. Today the spelling as Haylock is believed to be the most popular in England, although even this is rare. The city of London registers hold examples of the earliest church recordings and these include Testey Haylock, who married Bartholomew Redfern at St James church, Dukes Place, Westminster, on July 22nd 1589, and Rebecca Hallock who married Thomas Martin, on October 23rd 1682, at St James church, Clerkenwell. Thomas Hillock was a christening witness at the church of St Mary le Bone, on January 8th 1698.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hillock — Hill ock, n. A small hill. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hillock — late 14c., hilloc “small hill” (c.1200 as a surname), from HILL (Cf. hill) + M.E. dim. suffix oc …   Etymology dictionary

  • hillock — [n] small hill acclivity, ascent, bluff, butte, cliff, drift, dune, elevation, esker, headland, heap, highland, hilltop, hummock, inclination, incline, knoll, mesa, mound, mount, precipice, prominence, promontory, ridge, rise, slope, summit;… …   New thesaurus

  • hillock — ► NOUN ▪ a small hill or mound. DERIVATIVES hillocky adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • hillock — [hil′ək] n. [ME hilloc: see HILL & OCK] a small hill; mound hillocky adj …   English World dictionary

  • Hillock — A hillock is a small hill [http://www.thefreedictionary.com/hillock The Free Dictionary] , hillock entry, retrieved December 18, 2007] , usually separated from a larger group of hills such as a range. Hillocks are similar in their distribution… …   Wikipedia

  • hillock — UK [ˈhɪlək] / US noun [countable] Word forms hillock : singular hillock plural hillocks a small hill …   English dictionary

  • hillock — In anatomy, any small elevation or prominence. axon h. the conical area of origin of the axon from the nerve cell body; it contains parallel arrays of microtubules and is devoid of Nissl substance …   Medical dictionary

  • hillock — [[t]hɪ̱lək[/t]] hillocks N COUNT A hillock is a small hill …   English dictionary

  • hillock — kemsas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Samanomis ar žole apžėlęs kelmas ar žemės kauburėlis. atitikmenys: angl. hillock; hummock; mound vok. Bülte, f; Buckel, m; kleiner Erdhügel, m rus. кочка, f …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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