Gunner

Gunner
Recorded in many forms including Gonner, Gunnor, Guner, Junor, and apparently Junior, this is an English surname. It has at least two possible origins, each with its own history and derivation. Firstly it may be of Old Norse origin, and an example of that rare group of surnames called metronymics, where the name is derived from that of the first bearer's mother; this is rare because European society has almost invariably been patriarchal, with the father's given name handed down as a distinguishing surname through the generations. In this instance, the surname derives from the pre 7th century female personal name "Gunvor", composed of the elements "gunn", battle, and "vor", the feminine form of "varr", defender. This given name is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Gunneuare and Gunnor", and the first recording of the surname, below, is from this source. The second possible origin of the surname is from the early medieval English occupational name "gonner", from "gunne or gonne", meaning a cannon, with the agent suffix "-er". Thomas le Gonner is recorded in Essex in 1285, whilst examples from the surviving registers of the diocese of Greater London include: the marriage of Robert Gunner and Anne Ashe at St. Bartholomew the Less, on February 11th 1598, Alice Guner, who married Jenkin Jones at St Andrews by the Wardrobe on January 9th 1664, Alexander Junior whose daughter Catherine was christened at St Martins in the Field, Westminster, on December 5th 1715, and finally Jane Junor who married Alexander McDougall at St James Westminster, on June 24th 1770. The first recorded spelling of the family name may be that of William Gunnore. This was dated 1275, in the "Hundred Rolls of Suffolk". Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Gunner — may refer to:In the military context *Any member of an artillery corps *Gunner (rank), a rank equivalent to private in the British Royal Artillery and other Commonwealth artillery corps *Any individual operating a crew served weapon, such as an… …   Wikipedia

  • Gunner — Gun ner, n. 1. One who works a gun or cannon, whether on land, sea, or in the air; a cannoneer. [1913 Webster] 2. A warrant officer in the navy having charge of the ordnance on a vessel. [1913 Webster] 3. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) The great northern diver… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gunner. — Gunner., bei Pflanzennamen Abkürzung für Joh. Ernst Gunnerus, Bischof in Drontheim, geb. 1718 in Christiania, gest. 1773, schrieb eine Flora von Norwegen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gunner — (n.) mid 14c., gonner one who works a cannon, agent noun from GUN (Cf. gun) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gunner — ► NOUN 1) a person who operates a gun. 2) a British artillery soldier (an official term for a private) …   English terms dictionary

  • gunner — [gun′ər] n. [ME gonner < gonne, GUN] 1. a soldier, sailor, etc. who fires or helps fire an artillery piece 2. a naval warrant officer whose specialty is guns, missiles, torpedoes, etc. and related equipment 3. a hunter who uses a gun …   English World dictionary

  • gunner — Canadian Slang a trained private in the Royal Canadian Artillery, although the term can informally refer to an artillery soldier at any rank: once a gunner, always a gunner. This term has also been used as a call sign for the machine gunner in a… …   English dialects glossary

  • gunner — Synonyms and related words: Nimrod, aerial photographer, aircrew, aircrewman, archer, artillerist, artilleryman, avigator, bakehead, belly gunner, black gang, boilerman, bomb thrower, bombardier, bomber, bowman, bungs, cabin boy, cannoneer,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • gunner — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. carabineer, cannoneer, artilleryman; hunter; marksman. See combatant. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. machine gunner, mortar man, mortar specialist, rocket man, rocketeer, missile man, missile launcher,… …   English dictionary for students

  • gunner — UK [ˈɡʌnə(r)] / US [ˈɡʌnər] noun [countable] Word forms gunner : singular gunner plural gunners a member of the armed forces whose job is to fire a large gun …   English dictionary

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