Recorded in several spellings including Gall, Gaw, Gow, and patronymics Gawson, Ganson, Gaunson, Gauson, Gowson, this interesting surname has two possible derivations. Firstly it may be Scottish and derive from the Old Gaelic word "gall", meaning a stranger. In the Highlands of Scotland, the term was applied to people from the English-speaking Lowlands, whilst in Ireland it was given to settlers who arrived from Wales and England in the aftermath of the Anglo-Norman invasion. The surname is also found early in Lincolnshire, where it is of Breton origin, being introduced there by Norman settlers. Secondly, however, the name may derive from a given name derived from the Latin word gallus", meaning a cockerell. Its popularity was due to the fame of a 7th century Irish monk called St. Gall. He established a Christian settlement to the south of Lake Constance, and the name was taken in Czechoslovakia as Havel, and into Poland as Gawel. Early examples of the surname include Adam Galle (of Warwickshire, in 1221, William Gaw of Perthshire in Scotland in 1397, and Alexander Gawensone on Nairn in 1563. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Galle. This was dated 1170, in the transcripts of charters relating to the Gilbertine Houses, of Lincolnshire. This was during the reign of King Henry 11nd of England, 1154 -1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GAW — GAW; gaw·bli·my; gaw·ney; gaw·sie; gew·gaw; gew·gaw·ry; gaw; gaw·cey; gaw·cie; gew·gaw·ish; …   English syllables

  • Gaw — or GAW can mean:* the Gaw Atmospheric Attack Carrier, the Gaw aircraft of the anime Mobile Suit Gundam;* a relatively rare surname amongst those of Scottish, English, and Irish descent, deriving from the Gaelic word meaning foreigner (the… …   Wikipedia

  • GAW — ist die Abkürzung für: Global Atmosphere Watch, globales Netz zur Erfassung klimarelevanter Stoffe in der Atmosphäre Gustav Adolf Werk, Diaspora Hilfswerk der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland Gymnasium am Wall, ein Gymnasium in Verden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gaw — /gaw/, n. Chiefly Scot. a narrow, trenchlike depression, esp. a furrow in the earth or a worn or thin area in cloth. [1785 95; orig. uncert.] * * * …   Universalium

  • GAW — abbrev. guaranteed annual wage …   English World dictionary

  • GAW Organisation — GAW (which means arrow in wolof) is a cultural non profit NGO based in Dakar. Its mission is to trickle and customise the use of IT in Africa and it focuses in African cultural policies and productions, digital art, art history and cultural… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaw, Burma — Gaw is a town in the Rakhine State of westernmost part of Burma.External links* [ rakhine/arakan sandoway/gaw/ 18° 29 0 North, 94° 17 0 East Satellite map at] …   Wikipedia

  • Gaw Township — is a township of Thandwe District in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. The principal town is Gaw …   Wikipedia

  • GAW — Global Atmospheric Watch (Academic & Science » Ocean Science) * Gangaw, Burma (Myanmar) (Regional » Airport Codes) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Gaw — Conductancia de la vía aérea …   Diccionario de siglas médicas y otras abreviaturas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”