This interesting name is of English locational origin from a place in Dorset thus called. Recorded variously as Gaveltone and Galtone in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as Gawelton in the 1269, Charter Rolls of that county, the place was so named from the Old English pre 7th Century "gagol", bog myrtle or sweet gale, plus "tun", a settlement, or from the Old English "gafol-tun" i.e. settlement subjected to "gafol" or tax. The estate would therefore have been held by the payment of rent rather than by feudal gift. On October 6th 1566, Jane Galton, an infant, was christened in St. Margaret's, Lothbury, London, and on July 15th 1588, Alice Galton and Henrie Cobb were married in Almer, Dorset. Sir Douglas Strutt Galton (1822-1899), man of science and captain, royal engineers, became F.R.S., (1859) and K.C.B., (1887). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alice Galleton, (marriage to John Allen), which was dated August 7th 1559, in North Petherton, Somerset, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • GALTON (F.) — GALTON sir FRANCIS (1822 1911) Gentilhomme anglais, voyageur et explorateur (Narrative of an Explorer in Tropical South Africa , 1853), savant qui s’intéressa de façon brillante aux disciplines les plus diverses, sir Francis Galton a surtout… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galton — ist der Nachname mehrerer Personen: Samuel John Galton (1753–1832), britischer Unternehmer und Bankier Francis Galton (1822–1911), britischer Naturforscher und Schriftsteller, Enkel von Samuel John Galton Compton Theodore Galton (1855 1931),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galton —   [ gɔːltn], Sir (seit 1909) Francis, britischer Naturforscher und Schriftsteller, * Sparkbrook (heute zu Birmingham) 16. 2. 1822, ✝ Haslemere (County Surrey) 17. 1. 1911, Vetter C. R. Darwins; schrieb Reiseberichte über seine Expeditionen an den …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Galton — Galton, Francis, englicher Reisender, machte 1850 u. 1851 eine Entdeckungsreise in Südafrika; begleitet von dem schwedischen Naturforscher Andersson u. einer Anzahl Eingeborener ging er von der Wallfischbai, an der Westküste Afrikas, östlich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galton — (spr. gaolt n), Francis, engl. Reisender und Schriftsteller, geb. 1822 in Birmingham, studierte Medizin und ging 1846 auf Reisen, zunächst nach Nordafrika, dann 1850 mit K. I. Andersson (s.d.) von der Walfischbai aus in das Innere von Südafrika.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Galton — Galton, sir Francis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galton — (izg. gáltn), Francis (1822 1911) DEFINICIJA engleski biolog, antropolog i statističar, rođak Charlesa Darwina; istaknuo se pionirskim istraživanjima o ljudskoj inteligenciji i zakonima nasljeđivanja (genetsko poboljšanje i selekcija gena),… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Galton — [gôlt′ n] Sir Francis 1822 1911; Eng. scientist & writer: pioneer in eugenics …   English World dictionary

  • Galton — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Francis Galton (1822 1911), homme de science britannique ; Peter Galton, paléontologue britannique ; Samuel Galton (1753 1832),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Galton — noun English scientist (cousin of Charles Darwin) who explored many fields including heredity, meteorology, statistics, psychology, and anthropology; founder of eugenics and first to use fingerprints for identification (1822 1911) • Syn: ↑Francis …   Useful english dictionary

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