This interesting surname is of Norman origin, introduced into England after the Conquest of 1066. Recorded in the spellings of Frank and Franks and the unusual West Country dialectals Frunks and Fronks, it is a patronymic of the Norman given name "Franc". In origin this is an ethnic name for a "Frank", a member of the Germanic people who inhabited the lands around the river Rhine in Roman times. In the 6th Century, under their leader Clovis 1, the Franks established a substantial empire in central Europe, hich later formed the basis of the Holy Roman Empire. Their most famous ruler was the Emperor Charlemagne (742 - 814). Their name is of uncertain ultimate etymology; it may be akin to a Germanic word meaning "javelin", of which the Olde English pre 7th Century form is "franca". Franco and Francus (without surname) are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086, and the surname is first recorded in the early 13th Century (see below). Walter le Franc is noted in the Curia Regis Rolls of Cumberland (1221). On August 14th 1574, Joane Franks was christened at the Church of Harrow on the Hill, London, and George Franks married Esther Wilson on December 30th 1686 at the Church of St. James', Duke's Place, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a green shield, on a gold saltire a red torteau, the Crest being on the trunk of a tree a hawk proper charged on the breast with a red torteau. The Motto "Sic vos non vobis" translates as "So you not for yourselves". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ricardus Franc, which was dated 1201, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Essex", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franks — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Franks (* 1951), US amerikanischer Politiker Bubba Franks (* 1978), US amerikanischer Footballspieler Cecil Franks (* 1935), britischer Politiker Gary Franks (* 1953), US amerikanischer Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRANKS — FRANKS, English family, with an important branch in America. BENJAMIN FRANKS (c. 1649–c. 1716), son of an Ashkenazi merchant from Bavaria, was born in London but moved to the West Indies in the last decade of the 17th century. His checkered… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Franks — The Franks or Frankish people ( la. Franci or gens Francorum ) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an ethnic group living north and east of the Lower Rhine. Under the Merovingian dynasty, they founded one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Franks —    A group of West Germanic peoples, the Franks became the most important of all the barbarians to establish a kingdom in the old Roman Empire. In two successive dynasties, the Merovingian and Carolingian, the Franks ruled large sections of… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Franks — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Franks est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Bubba Franks (né en 1978), joueur américain de football américain ; Jonathan Franks (né en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franks — biographical name Oliver Shewell 1905 1992 Baron Franks of Headington English philosopher & diplomat …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • FRANKS —    the name given in the 3rd century to a confederation of Germanic tribes, who subsequently grouped themselves into two main bodies called the Salians and the Ripuarians, the former dwelling on the Upper Rhine, and the latter on the Middle Rhine …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • franks — Pistachios. No, it s not a brand name. I like franks. I don t like having to de shell them, though; it gets tiring …   Dictionary of american slang

  • franks — Pistachios. No, it s not a brand name. I like franks. I don t like having to de shell them, though; it gets tiring …   Dictionary of american slang

  • Franks Diner — in Kenosha, Wisconsin is a Jerry O’Mahoney lunch car diner built in Bayonne, New Jersey. In 1926, the dining car was transported on a railroad flat car to Kenosha. It was then pulled by six horses to the downtown spot, near the shoreline of Lake… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”