This interesting surname is a variant of Frain which is of early medieval English and Norman origin, and is a topographical name for someone who lived near an ash tree or ash wood. The name is derived from the Old French "fraisne, fresne", ash (tree), from the Latin "fraxinus", and was introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names. The name development since 1156 (see below) includes: Thomas del Freisne (1206, Herefordshire), Peter de Frane (1228, London), Richard del Frene (1271, Staffordshire), Cristina Freen (1275, Worcestershire) and John del Freyn (1280, Somersetshire). The modern surname can be found as Frean, Frain, Frayn(e), Freen, Freyne, (De)Fraine and Defraine. Among the recordings in London are the marriages of Elizabeth Defraine and Thomas Jeroms on March 8th 1761 at St. James, Westminster, and of Thomas Defraine and Elizabeth Millner on December 19th 1766 at St. Clement Danes, Westminster. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Fraisn, which was dated 1156, in the "Pipe Rolls of Suffolk", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • frain — Frain, et mords d une bride, Fraenum, Orea. Une sorte de frain ou bride, Camus cami. Bailler à quelqu un un frain, Alicui fraenos adhibere. Prendre le frain aux dents, et entreprendre de resister à la puissance d aucun, Frenum mordere. Ne vouloir …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Frain — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Frain Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frain — steht für: Frain (Vosges), Gemeinde im Kanton Lamarche in Frankreich Vranov nad Dyjí, dt. Frain, Minderstadt in Tschechien Frain ist der Name folgender Personen: James Frain (* 1968), englischer Schauspieler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frain — is a French commune in the département of Vosges in the region Lorraine. In 1999 its population was 147 and it has an area of 7.54 km² …   Wikipedia

  • Frain — (Wranow), 1) Herrschaft im Bezirk Znaym des Kreises Brünn (Mähren), von 4 Marktflecken u. 16 Dörfern; 2) Markflecken an der Thaya, Schloß des Grafen Mnißek, Fabriken für Fayence u. Wedgewood; 930 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Frain — (tschech. Vranov), Marktflecken in Mähren, Bezirksh. Znaim, in malerischer Lage an der Thaya, beliebte Sommerfrische, hat ein Bezirksgericht, ein prächtiges Schloß auf steilem Felsen, Kalkbrennerei und (1900) 1061 deutsche Einwohner …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Frain — Frain, mährischer Marktflecken an der Thaja unweit Znaim, mit 950 E., große Fabrik von Fayence und Wedgewoodgeschirr, Schloß des Grafen von Mniszek …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • frain — frain(e var. of frayne, v. Obs …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frain —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Irène Frain.  48° 05′ 12″ N 5° 52′ 52″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • frain — re·frain·ment; re·frain; …   English syllables

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