Courtin

Courtin
Recorded as Cartan, Corten, Corton, Courtain, Courtin, Courtonne, and possibly others, this uncommon surname has two distinct possible sources, each with its own history and origination, although these have now become "fused". Firstly it may be English and locational from any of the various places in England called Corton. These include villages in the county of Suffolk; near Calne in Wiltshire, and Corton also known as Cortington, a hamlet near Warminster in Wiltshire. The Suffolk place, recorded as "Karetune" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as "Corton" in the register known as the Feet of Fines for the year 1226, has as its component elements the Old Norse personal name "Carig" found on coins of King Aethelred, The Unready, and "tun", meaning a farm or settlement. The Wiltshire hamlet entered as "Cortitone" in the Domesday Book, and as "Cortun" in the "Register of St. Osmund", dated 1130, translates as "the settlement of Cort's people", from "tun" as above, and "ing", meaning the tribe or people of, with the personal byname "Cort". The second possible origin is from the Old French diminutive enderament surname "Courtin or Courtonne" meaning "The little one", and introduced into England in the 17th century by French Huguenot refugees fleeing religious persecution in their own country. Early examples of the surname recording include Thomas Corton, christened at Uffculme, in Devonshire, on October 14th 1553, and that of Marguerite, the daughter of Guillaume Courtin, christened at the Threadneedle Street French Huguenot Church, London, on October 17th 1630. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Courtin — may refer to: Christina Courtin (born 1984), an American singer, violinist, and songwriter Cyrille Courtin (born 1971), a former professional footballer Robina Courtin (born 1944), a Buddhist nun in the Tibetan Buddhist Gelugpa tradition See also …   Wikipedia

  • Courtin — ist der Name folgender Personen: Pierre Courtin (* 1921), französischer Maler und Grafiker René Courtin (1900–1964), französischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Courtin — (spr. Kurtäng), N., geb. 1770 in Lisieux, verlor in der Revolution 1790 seine Stelle als Parlamentsadvocat in Rouen, wurde nach dem 9. Thermidor 1796 Secretär des Convents, später im Kriegsministerium, 1803 Substitut des Generalprocurators, 1811… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Courtin — Diminutif de Court, sobriquet désignant une personne petite. Patronyme fréquent en Normandie et en Picardie. A noter cependant que Cortin fut le nom de l épée de Charlemagne, puis d Ogier, ce qui pourrait avoir entraîné d autres sens …   Noms de famille

  • Courtin —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronyme Courtin est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Honoré Courtin (1626 1703), homme d’État et diplomate français. Jacques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Courtin-Clarins, Jacques — ▪ 2008 Jacques Courtin        French business executive born Aug. 6, 1921 , Paris, France died March 23, 2007, Paris founded (1954) the Clarins Institute of Beauty, a Paris skin care salon that grew into the luxury cosmetics and perfume firm… …   Universalium

  • Courtin number — The Courtin rotational parameter is a dimensionless number used in rotational flow calculations. It expresses the relationship between the torque and angular velocity of a rotating flow. Its main application is in problems involving one cylinder… …   Wikipedia

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  • Charles Courtin — Pour les personnes ayant le même patronyme, voir Courtin. Charles Courtin, né à Nîmes le 15 décembre 1777, mort le 10 janvier 1855, est régisseur général et directeur général des hôpitaux militaires. D abord commissaire des guerres puis… …   Wikipédia en Français

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