This interesting name, with the variants Cluse, Closs, Clowes and Clowser, is of early medieval English origin, and has two possible interpretations. Firstly, it may be a topographical surname for someone living in an enclosed place, such as (in towns) a courtyard set back from the main street, or (in country districts) a farmyard. The derivation is from the Middle English "clos(e)", from the Old French "clos", from the Late Latin "clausum", a derivative of "claudere", to close, shut. Secondly, the name may have developed from a nickname for someone considered to be secretive, reticent, or reserved, derived from the Middle English "clos(e)", secret. The first recording of the surname (below) is from this source; early recordings of the name include: Thomas del Close (1327, Yorkshire) and John Cloos (1409, London). London Church Registers record the marriage of Peter Close and Mary Thomas at St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, on June 5th 1569, and of William Close and Avis Wimsoll at St. Mary Aldermary, on November 30th 1572. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William le Clos, which was dated 1214, in the "Curia Rolls of Cambridgeshire", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • cluse — [ klyz ] n. f. • 1832; « défilé » 1538; lat. clusa, var. de clausa, de claudere « fermer » ♦ Géogr. et région. (Jura) Coupure étroite et encaissée creusée perpendiculairement à une chaîne de montagnes. La cluse de Nantua. ● cluse nom féminin (mot …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cluse — Stadt Wuppertal Koordinaten: 51°  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cluse — cluse; in·cluse; se·cluse; …   English syllables

  • cluse — CLUSE. s. f. Le cri avec lequel le Fauconnier parle à ses chiens, lorsque l oiseau aremis la perdrix dans le buisson. Cluser la perdrix, C est exciter les chiens à la faire sortir du buisson …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Cluse —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Cluses. Cluse en Espagne recoupant un anticlinal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cluse — El río Noguera Pallaresa corta la sierra de Montroig aguas arriba de su confluencia con el Segre formando lo que se denomina en geomorfología y geología una cluse viva, que forma en este caso un cañón o desfiladero. Se denomina cluse, en geología …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cluse — clue, cluse, cluso nf enceinte fermée par des rochers escarpés; gorge fermée; passage resserré …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • cluse — ci incluse cluse percluse recluse écluse …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Cluse Krings — (* 1959 in Aachen) ist ein deutscher Autor, Theatermann und Journalist. Leben Krings studierte Ethnologie und Amerikanistik an der Freien Universität Berlin. Parallel dazu absolvierte er von 1979 bis 1981 eine Ausbildung in Darstellender Kunst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cluse-et-Mijoux, La — (spr. klǖs e mīschū), Dorf im franz. Depart. Doubs, Arrond. Pontarlier, 850 m ü. M., in einer Schlucht am rechten Ufer des Doubs, an der Straße und Eisenbahn von Pontarlier nach Neuchâtel, die von den unfern gelegenen Forts Joux und Larmont… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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