Churchman

Churchman
This very interesting surname is of Olde English origins. In a sense it is occupational, but it can also be residential in that it describes not only one who lived by a church, but who was responsible for the upkeep of the premises. It has been suggested that it was originally a nickname for the church warden, and this is probably the case. The development is from the pre 7th century 'Cyriceman' which in this context translates as 'the servant of the church', but it is doubtful if the orginal 'Mr Churchman' saw himself as a servant, the position being highly sort and well remunerated. The name recordings are amongst the earliest of 'surnames', however it must be stressed that the name holders would not have recognised the term. To them to be called 'Churchman' would simply have described their occupation. Examples of the surname recordings from the earliest times include Ralph Chircheman in the 1259 registers of the Abbey of Ramsey in Huntingdon, Ouse Le Chercheman in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridge for 1279, and John Churchman in the 1307 Pipe Rolls of Huntingdon, the name seemingly being particularly popular in the fen districts. The Coat of Arms of Churchman is a silver field charged with two black bars, and in chief two black pales. These arms would suggest a person of sincerity and conviction. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aelfrid Cerceman, which was dated 1095 a.d., the register of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, during the reign of King William 11, known by the nickname of 'Rufus', 1087 - 1100 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Churchman — ist der Name folgender Personen C. West Churchman (1913–2004), US amerikanischer Philosoph Ysanne Churchman (* 1925), britische Schauspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Churchman — Church man, n.; pl. {Churchmen}. 1. An ecclesiastic or clergyman. [1913 Webster] 2. An Episcopalian, or a member of the Established Church of England. A zealous churchman. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 3. One was is attached to, or attends, church.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • churchman — (or churchwoman) ► NOUN ▪ a member of the Christian clergy or of a Church …   English terms dictionary

  • churchman — [chʉrch′mən] n. pl. churchmen [chʉrch′mən] 1. a clergyman 2. a member of a church, esp. an active member …   English World dictionary

  • Churchman — Typically refers to a member of the clergy. It may also refer to: English Churchman, a family Protestant newspaper that was founded in 1843 Churchman (journal), theological journal, formerly known as The Churchman The Churchman (magazine), New… …   Wikipedia

  • churchman — UK [ˈtʃɜː(r)tʃmən] / US [ˈtʃɜrtʃmən] noun [countable] Word forms churchman : singular churchman plural churchmen UK [ˈtʃɜː(r)tʃmən] / US [ˈtʃɜrtʃmən] a man who is a priest, minister, bishop etc …   English dictionary

  • churchman — noun A person (originally a man) of authority in a religious organization; a cleric. The bishop, a highly placed churchman, stated the religions opinion …   Wiktionary

  • churchman — [[t]tʃɜ͟ː(r)tʃmən[/t]] churchmen N COUNT A churchman is the same as a clergyman. [FORMAL] …   English dictionary

  • Churchman (journal) — Churchman   Former name(s) The Churchman …   Wikipedia

  • Churchman (surname) — Churchman is a surname, and may refer to: Charles West Churchman (1913–2004), American philosopher David Churchman (born 1938), a California State University professor William Churchman (1863–1947), an English tobacco manufacturer Ysanne… …   Wikipedia

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