This ancient surname recorded world-wide in over two hundred and fifty spellings, and including as examples Andre, Aindrias, Andrew, Anders, Jendrusch, Vondrak, Dandy, Andriol, Andretti, Ondracek, Vondraeck, Andress, Jedrzejewicz, and Andriuis, is of pre Christian Greek origins. It derives from the personal name "Andreas", meaning manly, and was held by the first of Christ's disciples. Prior to the 10th century a.d., the name as a first name only, there were no surnames before the medieval period, was almost exclusively held by members of the church, one of the first of such recordings being that of a monk "Andreas", in the English Domesday Book of the year 1086. The name gained in popularity throughout Europe after the 12th century Crusades to free the Holy Land. These expeditions were largely unsuccessful, nethertheless it became the normal practice for returning soldiers to name their children after biblical and particularly Christian, saints or martyrs. St Andrew is the patron saint of both Scotland and Russia, and legend has it that his remains were brought to what is now the city of St. Andrew's in Scotland, in the year 900 a.d.. Certainly the name is very popular in that country. The surname was also one of the earliest settler names in America. Anthony Andrew being recorded in the first listings for the state of Virginia in 1623. The very first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere, is probably that of William Andreu, which was dated 1237, in the ancient charters of the county of Buckinghamshire, England, in the year 1237. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Andreini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfredo Andreini (1870–1943), italienischer Mathematiker und Entomologe Francesco Andreini (1548–1624), italienischer Theaterschauspieler Gabriella Andreini (* 1938), italienische Schauspielerin und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andreini — can refer to: *Alfredo Andreini Discovered 25 of the convex uniform honeycombs (also called Andreini tessellations) in 1900. *Francesco Andreini, an Italian actor *Isabella Andreini, his wife and an actress. *Giambattista Andreini, Francesco and… …   Wikipedia

  • Andreini — Andreini,   Giovanni Battista, italienischer Dichter und Schauspieler, * Florenz 9. 2. 1578, ✝ Reggio nell Emilia 1654; schrieb realistische Komödien, religiöse Tragödien, z. B. »L Adamo« (1613), woraus J. Milton Anregungen zu seinem »Paradise… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Andreini, Isabella — Andreini, Isabella, Isabella, eine der berühmtesten Schauspielerinnen Italiens, 1562 geboren, errang als Dichterin einen so großen Ruf, daß sie von der Akademie ihrer Vaterstadt Padua zum Mitgliede gewählt wurde. Sie machte sich als dramatische… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Andreini family — Italian actors. After their marriage, Francesco Andreini (1548–1624) and Isabella Canali Andreini (1562–1604) founded the Compagnia dei Gelosi, one of the earliest and most famous of the commedia dell arte troupes. Their son Giovambattista… …   Universalium

  • Andreini, Francesco — ▪ Italian actor born 1548, Pistoia [Italy] died Aug. 20, 1624, Mantua       Italian actor of commedia dell arte who, with his wife, Isabella Andreini (Andreini, Isabella), was a founder and star performer of the Compagnia dei Gelosi (Gelosi,… …   Universalium

  • Andreini, familia — Actores italianos. Después de contraer matrimonio, Francesco Andreini (n. 1548–m. 1624) e Isabella Canali Andreini (n. 1562–m. 1604) fundaron la Compagnia dei Gelosi, una de las primeras y más famosas troupes de la commedia dell arte. El hijo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andreini, Isabella — ▪ Italian actress and author née  Isabella Canali  born 1562, Padua, republic of Venice [Italy] died July 10, 1604, Lyon, France  Italian leading lady of the Compagnia dei Gelosi (Gelosi, Compagnia dei), the most famous of the early commedia dell …   Universalium

  • Andreini, Giovambattista — ▪ Italian actor and author born Feb. 9, 1579?, Florence [Italy] died June 7/8, 1654, Reggio nell Emilia, Sicily       actor of commedia dell arte and son of Francesco and Isabella Andreini. Giovambattista was also the author of the play Adamo… …   Universalium

  • Andreini, Isabella — (1562 1604)    Famous actress in the Italian commedia dell arte tradition, also celebrated as a poet and author of prose literature. Born at Padua to a family of Venetian origin, Isabella Canale became the leading actress of the highly regarded… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

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