This notable surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from any of the various places so called, for example Burley in Derbyshire, Rutland, Shropshire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. The name in all cases, derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century "burg", a fort, and "leah", a clearing in a wood; hence, "the clearing by a fort". Locational surnames were originally acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who moved to another area, usually in search of work, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 13th Century (see below). An interesting namebearer, recorded in the "Dictionary of National Biography", was Sir Simon Burley (1336 -1388), who was Governor of Windsor Castle (1377 - 1388), Tutor to Richard 11, 1380, and negotiator of his marriage with Anne of Bohemia. In 1577, one Edward Burley, of Wiltshire, was recorded in the Oxford University Register, and in July 1635, Roger Burley, aged 17 yrs., embarked from London on the ship "Assurance" bound for Virginia; he was one of the earliest recorded namebearers to settle in the New World Colonies. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Borleg, which was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Shropshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Burley — may refer to::Expand list|date=August 2008 Place names * Places in England: ** Burley, Hampshire ** Burley, Herefordshire ** Burley, Leeds ** Burley, Rutland ** Burley, Shropshire ** Burley in Wharfedale* Places in the United States: ** Burley,… …   Wikipedia

  • Burley — bezeichnet verschiedene Orte: Burley (Hampshire) in der englischen Grafschaft Hampshire Burley (Leeds), Vorort von Leeds in England Burley (Shropshire) in der englischen Grafschaft Shropshire Burley (Idaho) im US Bundesstaat Idaho Burley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burley — Burley, ID U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 9316 Housing Units (2000): 3633 Land area (2000): 4.118531 sq. miles (10.666947 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.117457 sq. miles (0.304211 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.235988 sq. miles (10.971158 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Burley, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 9316 Housing Units (2000): 3633 Land area (2000): 4.118531 sq. miles (10.666947 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.117457 sq. miles (0.304211 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.235988 sq. miles (10.971158 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • burley — ☆ burley [bʉr′lē ] n. [after ? a proper name] [also B ] a thin leaved, light colored tobacco grown in Kentucky and surrounding states, usually containing less nicotine than the dark colored tobaccos …   English World dictionary

  • Burley — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Burley peut désigner : Patronyme Craig Burley (né en 1971), footballeur écossais ; Gauthier Burley, philosophe George Burley (né en 1956),… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • burley — noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: probably from the name Burley Date: 1874 a thin bodied air cured tobacco grown mainly in Kentucky …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Burley Municipal Airport — Burley (Idaho) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Burley. Burley …   Wikipédia en Français

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