Recorded in the usual spellings of Birbeck and Birkbeck, this is an English locational surname. It derives from the tiny hamlet of Birkbeck Fells, near Appleby in the former county of Cumberland. This place was originally a Norse-Viking settlement of the 8th century, the village name deriving from the Norse 'birki - bekr' or the birch woods by the stream. Birbeck village is first recorded in 1496 during attempts by King Henry V11 to subdue the 'Border Country', and as part of the parish of Oxton its occupants were required to register there from 1595. However it maybe that the village suffered from 'clearance' in the late 16th century, whether this was a result of the continual border fighting or agriculture is not known, but in 1604 the name is suddenly registered in Newbiggin, see below. It is also shortly afterwards recorded in London, where over the years a wide variety of spellings developed, although these are all thought to be extinct. These variants included Andrew Burbeck who married at Tottenham on July 28th 1616, Michael Boarback, christened at St Botolophs Bishopgate in 1618, and George Birbrick at St Stephens, Coleman Street, in 1690. Other recordings include Jane Birkbeck of Kirkby Stephen on June 16th 1656, and James Birbick, of Bolton, Cumberland on June 21st 1704. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Christopher Birbeck, which was dated April 23rd 1604, a witness at Newbiggin, Near Appleby, during the reign of King James 1st of England and V1 of Scotland, 1603 - 1625. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Birbeck granules — are tennis racket or rod shaped cytoplasmic organelles with a central linear density and a striated appearance. Function is under question, but one theory is that they migrate to the periphery of the Langerhans cells and release its contents into …   Wikipedia

  • Birbeck-Granula — Eine dendritische Zelle Dendritische Zellen sind Zellen des Immunsystems, die sich je nach Typ aus Monozyten bzw. Vorläufern der T Zellen entwickeln. Ihre Funktion ist die Antigenprozessierung und Antigenpräsentation vorher als fremdartig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Birbeck granules — membrane bound, rod or tennis racquet–shaped inclusions with a central linear, longitudinally striated nucleus, found in the cytoplasm of Langerhans cells. Called also Langerhans g s. Birbeck granules (arrows) in the cytoplasm of a Langerhans… …   Medical dictionary

  • Birbeck — Michael S., contemporary British cancer researcher. See B. granule …   Medical dictionary

  • Birbeck granules — Characteristic inclusion bodies seen by electron microscopy in histiocytes (Langerhans cells) of patients with histiocytosis X, a group of diseases with uncertain pathogenesis …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Birbeck, Robert — (West Palm Beach, FL ) (USA)    Contemporary painter and sculptor based in Wells, VT. Studied at the New England School of Art in Boston. Specializes in the curvaceous nude female form in stone and wood, frequently depicting heavy women …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Shaun Birbeck — (born July 26, 1972) was an English cricketer. He was a left handed batsman and a right arm medium pace bowler who played for Durham. Birbeck s first class career began in 1994, having represented the team in the Second XI Championship the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gránulos de Birbeck — Los gránulos de Birbeck son orgánulos citoplasmáticos[1] en forma de barra o de raqueta de tenis con una densidad lineal central y aspecto estriado. Son un hallazgo microscópica característico en la histiocitosis de células de Langerhans… …   Wikipedia Español

  • gránulos de Birbeck — pequeños gránulos situados en las membranas de las células de Langerhans de la epidermi observadas por microscopía electrónica. Se desconoce su función (microfotografía [véase]) Diccionario ilustrado de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Granule de Birbeck — En biologie, les granules de Birbeck sont des organites en forme de raquette dont le « manche » est strié. On ne retrouve ces granules que dans les cellules de Langerhans (les cellules dendritiques de l’épiderme), et ils permettent donc …   Wikipédia en Français

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