This ancient and distinguished name recorded in many spellings including Bawens and Baldewein (Germany), Baldwin (England), Baldo, Baldavino, Balduini and Baldacchino (Italy), Valdovinos (Spain) and Bollwegen (Flemish) is of pre 5th century Old German origin. It is derived from the male personal name "Bald-wine", composed of the elements "beald", meaning brave, and "wine", a friend. It is first recorded anywhere in the world as "Balduin and Baldewin" in the famous Domesday Book of England 1086. The name was a favourite among the early Franks and the later Normans although its European popularity was as a result of the appointment of Baldwin, the Crusader, who in 1100 became the first Christian king of Jerusalem. The name was also born by Baudoin, count of Flanders (1172 - 1205), who led the Fourth Crusade, and in turn became the first Emperor of Constantinople in 1204. Among the notable bearers of the surname was Thomas Baldwin, one of the first settlers in the American colonies, being listed as "Living in Virginia" on February 16th 1623. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Stephen Baldewin, which was dated 1200, in the "Pipe Rolls" of Hampshire. This was during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Baldacchino — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Francis Baldacchino OFMCap (1936–2009), römisch katholischer Bischof von Malindi Joseph M. Baldacchino (1922–2006), maltesischer Politiker der Malta Labour Party (MLP) und war Sprecher des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • baldacchino — or baldachino [bal΄də kē′nō] n. 〚see BALDACHIN〛 BALDACHIN * * * …   Universalium

  • baldacchino — s.m. [der. di Baldacco, nome dato un tempo in Occidente alla città di Baghdàd]. 1. (arred.) [drappo sostenuto da un telaio, con frange o tendaggi, usato sia per cerimonie religiose, sia sopra alcuni tipi di letto: letto a b. ] ▶◀ [del letto]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • baldacchino — or baldachino [bal΄də kē′nō] n. [see BALDACHIN] BALDACHIN …   English World dictionary

  • baldacchino — bal·dac·chì·no s.m. 1. CO intelaiatura fissa o mobile, generalmente a quattro aste, ricoperta da un drappo spec. ornato di frange, che può sormontare altari, troni, seggi o letti particolarmente sontuosi o essere utilizzata in riti e cerimonie… …   Dizionario italiano

  • baldacchino — {{hw}}{{baldacchino}}{{/hw}}s. m. 1 Copertura mobile a forma di padiglione retta da aste, sotto la quale si porta in processione il SS. Sacramento. 2 Ricco drappo sorretto da aste che sta a coronamento di altari, troni, seggi, letti signorili. 3… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • baldacchino — pl.m. baldacchini …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • Baldacchino —    See Ciborium …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • baldacchino — n. permanent ornamental canopy over an alter or tomb (Architecture); portable canopy used in religious processions n. silk cloth interwoven with silver or gold threads and used for ceremonial purposes …   English contemporary dictionary

  • baldacchino —    In architecture, an ornamental canopy on columns over a tomb, altar, or throne; sometimes portable …   Glossary of Art Terms

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