Sole

Sole
Recorded as Sole, Soul, Soul, Soles, and possibly others, this is an English and sometimes French surname. It has at least two distinct and possible origins. The first is residential deriving from the pre 7th century word "sol", which oddly means muddy, and found in the village name of Soles in the county of Kent. Residential surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognizable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages, although locational names were chiefly given as a means of identification to those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere. Early examples of the surname taken from surviving rolls and charters include William de la Sole of Sussex, in 1207; Hamo de Soles of Kent, in 1242; and Thomas atte Sole of Surrey, in 1294. The second source of the surname is the Old French word "sol or soul", from the Latin word "solus", meaning alone. Hence it was given as a nickname either to an unmarried person, or to a solitary individual or perhaps given the robust humour of those Chaucerian times, the reverse. Geofrey le Soule was recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Essex in 1274, whilst William Sole (1741 - 1802) was a botanist of note whose chief work was entitled "Menthae Britannicae". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Osbert Sole, which was dated 1203, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Norfolk", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • sole — sole …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • sole — 1. (so l ) s. f. Plaque cornée formant la partie inférieure du sabot chez le cheval, l âne, le mulet, le cerf, etc. et située entre le bord inférieur de la paroi, la fourchette et les arcs boutants qui l entourent.    Terme de maréchalerie. Sole… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sole — may refer to: Contents 1 Business 2 Fish 3 People 4 O …   Wikipedia

  • sole — [səʊl ǁ soʊl] adjective [only before a noun] 1. a sole thing or person is the only one: • The company s sole business is software that blocks spam. • He became the sole owner of an investment management firm. 2. a sole responsibility, duty, right …   Financial and business terms

  • Sole — Sole, n. [F. sole, L. solea; so named from its flat shape. See {Sole} of the foot.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus {Solea} and allied genera of the family {Soleid[ae]}, especially the common European species… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sole — Sole, n. [F. sole, L. solea; so named from its flat shape. See {Sole} of the foot.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus {Solea} and allied genera of the family {Soleid[ae]}, especially the common European species… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sole — (s[=o]l), n. [AS. sole, fr. L. soolea (or rather an assumed L. sola), akin to solumround, soil, sole of the foot. Cf. {Exile}, {Saloon}, {Soil} earth, {Sole} the fish.] 1. The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sole — / sole/ s.m. [lat. sōl sōlis ]. 1. (astron.) a. (con iniziale maiusc.) [la stella attorno alla quale gravitano i corpi del sistema planetario di cui fa parte la Terra: il giro della Terra intorno al S.]. b. (estens.) [ogni corpo celeste di forma… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • sole — {{hw}}{{sole}}{{/hw}}(con iniziale maiuscola nell uso scientifico e astronomico) s. m. 1 (astron.) La stella più vicina alla Terra attorno alla quale orbitano i pianeti con i loro satelliti: i raggi del –S; levata, tramonto del Sole | Sotto il –s …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • sole — sole1 [sōl] n. [OFr < VL * sola, for L solea, sandal, sole, kind of fish < solum, sole, base, ground, bottom] 1. the bottom surface of the foot 2. the part of a shoe, boot, sock, etc. corresponding to this 3. the bottom surface of any of… …   English World dictionary

  • Sole — Sole, a. [L. solus, or OF. sol, F. seul (fr. L. solus; cf. L. sollus whole, entire. Cf. {Desolate}, {Solemn}, {Solo}, {Sullen}.] 1. Being or acting without another; single; individual; only. The sole son of my queen. Shak. [1913 Webster] He, be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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