Recorded in a over fifty spellings including Rain, Raine, Rean and Reen (British), Rene, Renne, Rainon, Renon, and Reyne (France), Rein, Rehn, and Renn (Germany), Regina and Reina (Italy) and Reina (Spanish & Portugese), this most interesting surname has to be called "European". It has a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may derive from a shortened form of any of the various pre 7th century Germanic male given names with the first element "ragin", meaning counsel. These include Raymond and Reynold, meaning "counsel-rule" from "ragin" and "wald", rule. Secondly it may derive from the medieval female personal name Reine, itself Old French, but ultimately from the Roman (Latin) "regina", meaning queen. Thirdly it may be of Scottish locational origin from a place called Raine in the county of Aberdeenshire. This is named after the Old Gaelic "rath chain", meaning "the ford where the tax is paid". The surname is first recorded in Scotland in the late 12th Century, whilst other early examples taken at random throughout Europe include: Sir Thomas Rane of Irvine, Scotland in 1260, Alan Reyne of Cambridgeshire, England, in the same year, Counrad ze Rine of Basel, Switzerland in 1272, and Johannes Rayne of Yorkshire in the Poll Tax rolls of 1379. The first recorded spelling of the family name in any form anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Robert de Rane, which was dated 1180, in the "Episcopal Registers" of Aberdeenshire, Scotland. This was during the reign of King Malcolm 111 of Scotland, 1051 - 1093. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rein — rein …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • rein — rein …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Rein- — Rein …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • REIN — Les fonctions d’excrétion et la régulation de la composition du «milieu intérieur», où vivent les cellules qui composent l’organisme, sont étroitement liées dans toute la série animale; toutefois, ce n’est que chez les Vers qu’apparaissent des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rein — Rein, er, este, adj. et adv. 1. Eigentlich, glänzend, hell poliert; eine größten Theils veraltete Bedeutung, in welcher man doch noch sagt, der Spiegel ist nicht rein, wenn er nicht den gehörigen Glanz hat. 2. In weiterer Bedeutung, von allem… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Rein — heißen: Rein (Gemeinde Eisbach), Ortsteil der Gemeinde Eisbach, Bezirk Graz Umgebung, Steiermark Rein AG, ehemalige Gemeinde im Kanton Aargau, heute Ortsteil von Rüfenach Rein in Taufers, eine Fraktion der Marktgemeinde Sand in Taufers, Südtirol… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rein — 1. (rin ; au pluriel, l s se lie : les rin z engorgés) s. m. 1°   Terme d anatomie. Viscère double qui est l organe sécréteur de l urine. Le rein gauche. Le rein droit. Un calcul logé dans le rein. •   Nous sommes presque effrayés, quand nous… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Rein [3] — Rein, 1) von Schmutze frei; 2) von einer schmutzigen ansteckenden Krankheit frei; 3) nach den Vorschriften mancher orientalischen Religionslehren, nicht mit unreinen Gegenständen in Berührung gekommen, u. von Thieren solche, deren Fleisch man… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rein — Rein, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Reined} (r?nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reining}.] 1. To govern or direct with the reins; as, to rein a horse one way or another. [1913 Webster] He mounts and reins his horse. Chapman. [1913 Webster] 2. To restrain; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rein — ► NOUN 1) a long, narrow strap attached at one end to a horse s bit, used in pairs to guide or check a horse. 2) (reins) the power to direct and control. ► VERB 1) check or guide (a horse) by pulling on its reins. 2) (often rein in/back) restrain …   English terms dictionary

  • Rein — (r?n), n. [F. r[^e]ne, fr. (assumed) LL. retina, fr. L. retinere to hold back. See {Retain}.] 1. The strap of a bridle, fastened to the curb or snaffle on each side, by which the rider or driver governs the horse. [1913 Webster] This knight laid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”