Recorded as Polack and Polak, amongst its many attributes, this surname was one of the earliest German surnames into the United States of America, see below, and is associated with the period of Independence (1771 - 1783). It was also one of the earliest surnames in Europe, and were it not for the fact that many ancient registers and charters from the early medieval period are known to have been destroyed in the Second World War, it is probable that we would have discovered even earlier recordings. The name is national, and describes a former inhabitant of Poland. The origination is from the East Prussian 'Pol' (Pole) plus 'ak' meaning 'from', with Poland (the name) meaning 'the low land'. Their are many forms of the surname and these include Polak, Pollack, Pollach, Pohlack, Pollak, Polack, and Boelecke, the German dialectal variant. Early examples of the surname recording taken from German registers includes Elisabet Pollack, christened at Dortmund, Westfalen, on February 10th 1664, Christian Pohlack, christened at Berlin Stadt, Brandenburg, on July 16th 1722. King George 111 of England who was also the king of the state of Hannover, in Germany, encouraged many Hanoverians to emigrate to the colonies of New England, in return for land grants. One of these was probably Bernhard Polak, with his wife Agnes, who were witnesses at the christening of their daughter Anna Margaretha Polak at Rensselacr, Brunswick, N.Y., on December 10th 1777, in the first year of the independant USA. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Kurschener Polag, which was dated 1480, the registers of the town of Golitz, Germany, during the reign of Emperor Joseph 11, of the German Empire, 1465 - 1490. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Polak — oder Polák ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Polak, polnischer Name von Adam von Bochinia († 1514), polnischer Arzt und Humanist Alfred Polak, Geburtsname von Alfred Polgar (1873–1955), österreichischer Schriftsteller Anna Polak… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polák — Polak oder Polák ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Polak, Geburtsname des österreichischer Schriftstellers Alfred Polgar Anna Polak (1906–1943), niederländische Turnerin und Holocaustopfer Benedictus Polonus (polnisch Benedykt Polak …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polak — Polak, s. Polen (Volk) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Polak — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Polak ou Polák est le patronyme de plusieurs personnes : Alfred Polak (1873 1955), voir Alfred Polgar André et Jean Polak, concepteurs du Berlaymont …   Wikipédia en Français

  • polak — polack ou polak [pɔlak] adj. et n.; ÉTYM. var. graphique angl. de Polaque « Polonais ». ❖ ♦ Fam., péj. Polonais. 1 Or, cet animal de Recknowitz vous chantait ça avec des petites mines extasiées ou hypocritement pudiques, avec des pincements de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Polak — I Pọlak,   Plural Polạcy [ tsi], polnisch für Pole. II Polak,   Frederik Lodewijk, niederländischer Soziologe und Zukunftsforscher, * Amsterdam 21. 5. 1907; 1949 bis 1960 Professor für Soziologie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Polak — 1. Herkunftsnamen zu osorb., poln. Polak, nsorb. Pуlak, tschech. Polбk »Pole«. 2. Wohnstättennamen zu poln., tschech. pole, nsorb. pуlo, osorb. polo »Feld«, nsorb. pуlak »Feldmann, Ansiedler auf freiem Felde« …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

  • POLAK, HENRI — (1868–1943), Dutch trade unionist and socialist politician. Born in Amsterdam, he was the eldest of Mozes Polak and Marianna Smit s ten children. His father started out as a diamond polisher and became a rather prosperous jewelry manufacturer;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLAK, JACOB EDUARD — (1820–1891), physician and writer. Born in Bohemia, he studied medicine and science in Prague and Vienna and in 1851 was invited to Teheran by the Persian government to serve as professor of anatomy and surgery at the military college. In 1856 he …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLAK, LEONARD — (1880–1941), Dutch philosopher. Born in Steenwijk, Polak graduated in law, in 1925 became assistant professor at the University of Leiden, and in 1929 was appointed to the chair in philosophy at the University of Groningen. A rationalist and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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