Recorded as Lancashire and Lancaster, this is an English surname. It is locational either from the county of Lancashire, or from the country town of Lancashire, Lancaster. As to which came first is unclear, and it seems that the surnames may have been interchangeable, but the county town appears as "Loncastre" in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 and later as Lanecastrum in the Pipe Rolls of the county in 1094. In both cases the origin is much the same with derivation from the river Lune on which the city stands, plus the pre 7th century "ceaster", a Roman fort. Lancashire is recorded as the "Honor de Lancastre" in 1246. Early examples of recordings include Edmund, earl of Lancaster (1245 - 1296) called "Crouchback", the second son of Henry 111 and Eleanor of Provence was styled King of Sicily by the Pope in 1255 and renounced this claim in 1263, and is buried in Westminster Abbey. In 1327, John de Lancaster appears in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridgeshire, whilst in 1604 Robert Lancashire, had his will registered at Chester. Gowen Lancaster, was one of the first settlers to Viriginia in 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Lonecastre, which was dated 1175, in the "Cartulary of Staffordshire", during the reign of King Henry 11nd, known as "The church builder" 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Lancashire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region: North West England Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancashire —   [ læȖkəʃɪə], County in Nordwestengland, 3 070 km2, 1,426 Mio. Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Preston. Tief und Hügelland nimmt den Westen ein, im Osten hat Lancashire Anteil am Penninischen Gebirge (bis 560 m über dem Meeresspiegel). Stark… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lancashire — (antiguamente condado de Lancaster ) es un condado situado al noroeste de Inglaterra, en el Reino Unido. Su capital es Lancaster, y su ciudad más grande es Preston. Ocupa un área de 3.075 Km² y su población en el año 2003 era de 1.429.212… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lancashire [1] — Lancashire, Baumwollgewebe für den Orient …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lancashire [2] — Lancashire (spr. längkǟschĭr), Grafschaft im nordwestlichen England, grenzt westlich an das Irische Meer, nördlich an die Grafschaften Cumberland und Westmorland, östlich an York und südlich an Cheshire, wovon es durch den Mersey getrennt ist,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lancashire — (antiguamente condado de Lancaster ) es un condado situado al noroeste de Inglaterra, en el Reino Unido. Su capital es Preston. Ocupa un área de 3.075 Km² y su población en el año 2003 era de 1.429.212 habitantes. El condado limita con Cumbria,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lancashire — comté (de Lancaster) au N. E. de l Angleterre; 3 043 km²; 1 365 100 hab.; ch. l. Preston; v. princ. Manchester et Liverpool. L une des plus anciennes régions industrielles de Grande Bretagne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lancashire — [laŋ′kə shir΄] county on the NW coast of England: 1,185 sq mi (3,069 sq km); pop. 1,384,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Lancashire — For other uses, see Lancashire (disambiguation). Lancashire Flag of Lancashire[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Lancashire — /lang keuh shear , sheuhr/, n. a county in NW England. 1,369,250; 1174 sq. mi. (3040 sq. km). Also called Lancaster. * * * Administrative (pop. 2001: 1,134,976), historic, and geographic county, northwestern England. The administrative county… …   Universalium

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