This uncommon surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a patronymic form of either one of two male given names, Jacob or John. Jacob derives from the Hebrew "aqob" meaning"supplanter" or, "following -after". In the Bible, this is the name of the younger twin brother of Esau, who took advantage of the latter's hunger and impetuousness to part with his birthright "for a mess of potage". The forename James is of identical origin, and both appear as "Jacobus" in the Latin. The Old French given name "Jacques", the usual French form of "Jacobus", was introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066, and was Anglicized variously as "Jake", "Jacke" and "Jeke". The personal name John derives from the Hebrew "Yochanan" meaning "Jehovah has favoured (me with a son)". The popularity of this name throughout Europe is borne out by the wide variety of diminutive and pet forms it generated, including Jakke, Jak and Jack. One, Petrus filius (son of) Jake was noted in the 1195 Pipe Rolls of Cornwall, and a Normannus filius Jacce appears in the 1218 Assize Rolls of Lincolnshire. Early examples of the surname include: Agnes Jakkes (Huntingdonshire 1279) and William Jacke, (Staffordshire, 1302). On December 29th 1577 Gabriell, son of Randal Jacks, was christened at St. Michael's, Cornhill, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard Jakes, witness, which was dated 1269, in the "Assize Court Rolls of Somerset", during the reign of King Henry 111, "The Frenchman", 1216-1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jacks — [jaks] n. 〚/span> JACKSTONE〛 a children s game in which pebbles or small, six pronged metal pieces are tossed and picked up in various ways, esp. while bouncing a small ball * * * ▪ game also called  jackstones,  fivestones , or  dibs        game …   Universalium

  • jacks — [jaks] n. [< JACKSTONE] a children s game in which pebbles or small, six pronged metal pieces are tossed and picked up in various ways, esp. while bouncing a small ball …   English World dictionary

  • Jacks — For the musical group of same name, see Jacks (1960s Japanese band). Jackrock redirects here. For device used to damage tires, see Caltrop. A set of jacks Jacks (sometimes called jackstones, jackrocks, fivestones, onesies, knucklebones, or snobs) …   Wikipedia

  • Jacks — Terry Jacks (* 29. März 1944 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Kanada) ist ein kanadischer Sänger und Plattenproduzent. 1968 gründete er mit seiner späteren Frau Susan Pesklevits (* 1948), von der er 1973 wieder geschieden wurde, The Poppy Family, die sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • jacks — n. to play (a game of) jacks * * * to play (a game of) jacks …   Combinatory dictionary

  • jacks — n. game in which jacks are picked up in a specific sequence between bouncing or throwing and catching a rubber ball dʒæk n. mechanical device for raising great weights; playing card with the figure of a knave; electrical socket; ship s flag;… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • jacks — noun a game in which jackstones are thrown and picked up in various groups between bounces of a small rubber ball • Syn: ↑jackstones, ↑knucklebones • Hypernyms: ↑child s game * * * plural of jack present third singular of jack …   Useful english dictionary

  • jacks — Jackstone Jack stone , n. 1. One of the pebbles or pieces used in the game of jackstones. [1913 Webster] 2. (pl.) A game played with five small stones or pieces of metal. See 6th {Chuck}. Also called {jacks}. See {jack}[12], n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jacks — carangid carangid n. any fish of the family {Carangidae}, including the {cavallas}, {jacks}, {pompanos} and {scads}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jacks — I Everyday English Slang in Ireland n toilet II Irish Slang toilet, restroom III Mawdesley Glossary a game played by girls with a marble and pottery jacks …   English dialects glossary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”