Recorded in many spellings including Hart, Harte, Heart, Hart and Hartman (English), and Hart and Hartmann (German), de Herte (Flemish & Dutch), Hiorth and Hjorth (Swedish), this interesting surname was usually a nickname. It is medieval, and a good example of that sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. The nicknames were given with reference to physical attributes and sometimes supposed resemblance to an animal's appearance or disposition. In this case the derivation is from pre 7th century word "heorot", and as a nickname this would have been given to a fast runner, or perhaps, given the robust humour of those times, the complete reverse! Where the suffix -man(n) is used, this suggests that the name was occupational, and may mean the friend or servant of Hart. In England where the earliest of all surname recordings are to be found one Roger Hert appears in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in the year 1166, and Simon le Hert is noted in the tax rolls known as the 'Feet of Fines' for the county of Kent in 1194. In some cases the surname may be of Irish origin, and is derived from the Gaelic O' hAirt, composed of the elements O', meaning male descendant of, and "Art", a byname meaning hero. One of the earliest settlers in the New World was John Hart, who embarqued from the Port of London, aboard the ship "Phillip", bound for Virginia in June 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aelfric Hort, which was dated circa 1060, in the "Olde English Byname Register", Hampshire, during the reign of King Edward, known as "The Confessor", 1040 - 1066. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • hart — hart …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Hart — bezeichnet: einen Wald, siehe Hardt (Toponym) namentlich: Hart (Familienname), ein Familienname – dort auch zu Namensträgern Hart Racing Engines, die Formel 1 Motoren des britischen Motorherstellers Brian Hart Hart Memorial Trophy, eine Eishockey …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hart — Hart, härter, härteste oder härtste, adj. et adv. 1. Eigentlich, wo es diejenige Eigenschaft der Körper bezeichnet, nach welcher sie vermögend sind, einer leidentlichen Veränderung oder einem Stoße zu widerstehen, im Gegensatze des weich. In… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Hart — may refer to:* HART (disambiguation)* Deer: ** Adult deer ** Red deerPlaces* Hart, Austria * Hart, County Durham, England * Hart, California * Hart, Michigan * Hart, Texas * Hart (district), Hampshire, England * Hart County, any of several… …   Wikipedia

  • hart — [ ar ] n. f. • XIIe; frq. °hard « filasse » 1 ♦ Vx ou région. Lien d osier, de bois flexible pour attacher les fagots, etc. 2 ♦ Vx Corde avec laquelle on pendait les condamnés. La pendaison elle même. ⊗ HOM. Are, arrhes, ars, art. ⇒HART, subst.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hart — fue un fabricante de motores para autos de Fórmula Uno. Participó en 157 Grandes Premios, en un total de 368 autos. A pesar que un auto con motor Hart nunca ganó un Gran Premio, muchos pilotos han competido alguna vez en su carrera con motores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • hart — im Nehmen sein: unempfindlich sein, eine Portion Schläge vertragen können – im wörtlichen wie im übertragenen Sinne. Mit ›Härte‹ ist eine bestimmte (rücksichtslose) Angriffs und Verteidigungshaltung umschrieben, die sowohl Schläge austeilen als… …   Das Wörterbuch der Idiome

  • hart — Adj. (Grundstufe) unempfindlich gegen Druck, nicht weich Synonym: fest Beispiel: Das Ei ist hart gekocht. Kollokation: ein harter Sitz hart Adj. (Aufbaustufe) sehr schwierig und anstrengend Synonyme: schwer, beschwerlich, mühevoll, mühsam,… …   Extremes Deutsch

  • hart — hart; hart·ford; hart·ford·ite; hart·ite; hart·le·ian; hart·man·nia; ka·neel·hart; hart·ley·an; …   English syllables

  • HART (R.) — HART ROBERT (1835 1911) Fonctionnaire consulaire britannique en Chine dès 1854, Hart devient en 1859 inspecteur des douanes à Canton. Quatre ans plus tard, il est nommé à la direction du Bureau des douanes maritimes de l’Empire, organisées par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hart — Hart, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1198 Housing Units (2000): 410 Land area (2000): 0.751337 sq. miles (1.945953 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.751337 sq. miles (1.945953 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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