Fryd

Fryd
This long-established surname is of Anglo-Saxon, Scottish and Welsh origin, and has two possible sources. Firstly, it may be derived from a topographical name for a "dweller by a woodland or scrub on the edge of a forest", from the Olde English pre 7th Century "firhthe, (ge)fyrhthe". The second possible source is also topographical, from the Welsh "ffrith, ffridd", barren land, mountain pasture (originally a borrowing of the Olde English word "firhthe, (ge)fyrhthe", as above); hence, "dweller by barren land or a ountain pasture". Topographical surnames, such as this, were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. The surname was first recorded in the later 12th Century, and other early recordings include: Wlmar de Frith (1195, the Pipe Rolls of Kent), and John del Frith (1201, the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk). The surname was first recorded in Scotland in circa 1317, when Laurencius del Frith witnessed a charter by Willelmus de Lysurius in Edinburgh. The christening was recorded in London of John, son of John Firth, on December 31st 1609, at St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name is described thus: "Ar (silver) three lozenge buckles, tongues in fesse azure. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet a battle axe broken, the head in bend sinister all proper". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ralph Delfrid, which was dated 1176, in the "Pipe Rolls of Surrey", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fryd — sb., en, i sms. fryde , fx fryderåb …   Dansk ordbog

  • FRÝD, NORBERT — (Fried, also Nora F., 1913–1976), Czech writer and journalist. Born in České Budějovice (Bohemia) into a mixed Czech German family, he studied law and modern literature at Charles University in Prague. He was active in left wing culture and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Norbert Frýd — (born Norbert Fried) (21 April 1913 – 18 March 1976) was a Czech writer, journalist and diplomat. He is known mainly for his autobiographical novel Krabice živých (A Box of Lives, 1956), in which he describes his experiences in Nazi concentration …   Wikipedia

  • Norbert Frýd — (geboren als Norbert Fried) (* 21. April 1913 in Budweis; † 17. Mai 1976 in Prag) war ein Schriftsteller und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Romane und Erzähl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norbert Fried — Norbert Frýd (geboren als Norbert Fried) (* 21. April 1913 in Budweis; † 17. Mai 1976 in Prag), war ein Schriftsteller und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Romane und Erzählungen 2.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cobalt mediated radical polymerization — Cobalt based catalysts, when used in radical polymerization, have several main advantages especially in slowing down the reaction rate, allowing for the synthesis of polymers with peculiar properties. As starting the reaction does need a real… …   Wikipedia

  • Noble savage — For the Virgin Steele album, see Noble Savage (album). A detail from Benjamin West s heroic, neoclassical history painting, The Death of General Wolfe (1771), depicting an idealized Native American. The term noble savage (French, bon sau …   Wikipedia

  • The Death of General Wolfe — Artist Benjamin West Year 1770 Type Oil on canvas Dimensions 151 cm × 213 cm (59 in × 84 in) Location …   Wikipedia

  • Mencap — The Royal Mencap Society is a charity based in the UK that works with people with a learning disability. Contents 1 Profile 1.1 Campaigns 1.2 Coalitions 2 Management …   Wikipedia

  • George Ault — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = George Ault imagesize = caption = Bright Light at Russell s Corners (1946) birthname = birthdate = birth date |1891|10|11| location = Cleveland, Ohio deathdate = death date and age |1948|12|30|1891|10|11|… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”