This interesting and unusual surname is a variant of Crispin, from the Medieval English and Old French given name Crispin, a nickname for a man with curly hair (from the Old English "crisp" curly). Crispinus was the name of the parton saint of shoemakers, who was martyred at Soissons circa 285, along with Crispinanus (a further derivation of the same word), and was an especially popular name in France in the Middle Ages. The surname itself first appears in the Domesday Book (1086). According to Laufranc (d. 1089) Gilbert Crispin was the first man to receive the nickname and two of his sons adopted it as their surname and his grandson Gilbert Crispin was abbot of Westminster. Turstin Crispin was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire (1166). Ralph Crespin was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Devonshire (1169). On April 29th 1627, at Halesowen, Worcester, Robert son of Robert Crippin was christened. The surname is found in the modern idiom as Crispin, Crepin, Crippen and Chrispin. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Milo Crispinus, which was dated 1086, Domesday Book, during the reign of King William 1, known as "William the Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • crispin — [ krispɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1799; nom d un valet de comédie 1654; it. Crispino 1 ♦ Anciennt Type de valet de comédie. Jouer les crispins. 2 ♦ Manchette de cuir cousue à certains gants et destinée à protéger le poignet. Gants à crispin d escrimeur, de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Crispin — ist eine alternative Schreibweise des Namens des heiligen Krispin. In England ist Crispin auch als Familienname gebräuchlich. Namensträger sind unter anderem: Edmund Crispin (1921–1978), englischer Krimi Schriftsteller, SF Herausgeber und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crispin — m English: from Latin Crispīnus, a derivative of the old Roman family name Crispus ‘curly( headed)’. St Crispin was martyred with his brother Crispinian in c.285, and the pair were popular saints in the Middle Ages …   First names dictionary

  • crispin — 1640s, shoemaker, in literary use only, from Ss. Crispin and Crispinian (martyred at Soissons, c.285 C.E.), patrons of shoemakers. French hagiographers make the brothers noble Romans who, while they preached in Gaul, worked as shoemakers to avoid …   Etymology dictionary

  • Crispin — Cris pin (kr?s p?n), n. 1. A shoemaker; jocularly so called from the patron saint of the craft. [1913 Webster] 2. A member of a union or association of shoemakers. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crispīn — (d. i. der Kraushaarige), 1) St. C., edler Römer, flüchtete mit seinem Bruder Crispianus unter Diocletian nach Soissons u. wurde Schuhmacher. Die Sage geht, daß er Leder stahl, um den Armen Schuhe zu machen (daher Crispinaden, Wohlthaten, die man …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Crispin — (spr. päng), komische Theaterrolle italienischen Ursprungs; sie stellt einen Bedienten in schwarzer Kleidung mit kurzem Mäntelchen und engen Hosen dar, der entweder durch Pfiffigkeit seinem Herrn in dessen Liebeshändeln förderlich oder durch… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Crispin — (spr. päng), komische Maskenrolle des ältern franz. Lustspiels …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Crispin [1] — Crispin und Crispinian, ein Bruderpaar vornehmer Abkunft, welches der Bekehrungseifer des 3. Jahrhdts. von Rom nach Soissons und zum Schusterhandwerk trieb, weil die Zeitumstände vorsichtiges Wirken erheischten. Die entdeckten und glaubenstreuen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Crispin [2] — Crispin (frz. Krispäng), komische Maskenrolle auf dem franz. Theater, ein verschmitzter oder tölpelhafter Bedienter …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Crispin — Crispin, Crispinus lateinischer Ursprung, Bedeutung: der Kraushaarige. Namensträger: Hl. Crispinius, christlicher Märtyrer …   Deutsch namen

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